Systemic delivery systems of angiogenic gene by novel bubble liposomes containing cationic lipid and ultrasound exposure.
ABSTRACT Recently, we developed polyethyleneglycol (PEG)-modified liposomes (Bubble liposomes; BLs) entrapping ultrasound (US) gas and reported that the combination of BL and US exposure was an effective tool for the delivery of pDNA directly into skeletal muscles of an ischemic hindlimb model with local injection. To achieve gene delivery to deeper tissues, we attempted to prepare novel Bubble liposomes which were able to be loaded with pDNA and useful for systemic injection. We prepared BLs using cationic lipid and analyzed the interaction with the BLs and pDNA using flow cytometry. The solution of pDNA-loaded BLs (p-BLs) was further injected into the tail vein of hindlimb ischemia model mice, and transdermal US exposure was applied to ischemic hindlimb. The effects of transfection on angiogenic factors were investigated by real-time PCR. Blood flow was determined using a laser Doppler blood flow meter. The interaction with BLs and pDNA increased in the presence of DOTAP and short PEG chains and resulted in increased stability of pDNA in the serum. Transfection with pDNA encoding the bFGF gene using p-BLs and US induced various angiogenic factors and improved the blood flow. The gene delivery system into the ischemic hindlimb using the combination of p-BLs and US exposure could be an effective tool for angiogenic gene therapy via systemic injection.
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ABSTRACT: Ultrasound imaging is a widely used imaging technique. The use of contrast agents has become an indispensible part of clinical ultrasound imaging, and molecular imaging via ultrasound has recently attracted significant attention. We recently reported that "Bubble liposomes" (BLs) encapsulating US imaging gas liposomes were suitable for ultrasound imaging and gene delivery. The 12 amino acid AG73 peptide derived from the laminin α1 chain is a ligand for syndecans, and syndecan-2 is highly expressed in blood vessels. In this study, we prepared AG73 peptide-modified BLs (AG73-BLs) and assessed their specific attachment and ultrasound imaging ability for blood vessels in vitro and in vivo. First, we assessed the specific attachment of AG73-BLs in vitro, using flow cytometry and microscopy. AG73-BLs showed specific attachment compared with non-labeled or control peptide-modified BLs. Next, we examined ultrasound imaging in tumor-bearing mice. When BLs were administered, contrast imaging of AG73-BLs was sustainable for up to 4 min, while contrast imaging of non-labeled BLs was not observed. Thus, it is suggested that AG73-BLs may become useful ultrasound contrast agents in the clinic for diagnosis based on ultrasound imaging.Biomaterials 10/2012; · 7.40 Impact Factor