Prevalence and distribution of dental anomalies in orthodontic patients.

Orthodontics : the art and practice of dentofacial enhancement 01/2007; 13(1):52-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2005.06.027
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Aim: To study the prevalence and distribution of dental anomalies in a sample of orthodontic patients. Methods: The dental casts, intraoral photographs, and lateral panoramic and cephalometric radiographs of 509 Egyptian orthodontic patients were studied. Patients were examined for dental anomalies in number, size, shape, position, and structure. The prevalence of each dental anomaly was calculated and compared between sexes. Results: Of the total study sample, 32.6% of the patients had at least one dental anomaly other than agenesis of third molars; 32.1% of females and 33.5% of males had at least one dental anomaly other than agenesis of third molars. The most commonly detected dental anomalies were impaction (12.8%) and ectopic eruption (10.8%). The total prevalence of hypodontia (excluding third molars) and hyperdontia was 2.4% and 2.8%, respectively, with similiar distributions in females and males. Gemination and accessory roots were reported in this study; each of these anomalies was detected in 0.2% of patients. Conclusion: In addition to genetic and racial factors, environmental factors could have more important influence on the prevalence of dental anomalies in every population. Impaction, ectopic eruption, hyperdontia, hypodontia, and microdontia were the most common dental anomalies, while fusion and dentinogenesis imperfecta were absent.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of dental anomalies in individuals with Richieri-Costa-Pereira syndrome. A total of 13 individuals with Richieri-Costa-Pereira syndrome who were older than 8 years with at least 1 available panoramic radiograph were assessed. Dental anomalies were evaluated clinically and radiographically and classified as hyperplastic, hypoplastic, or heterotopic and as alterations of shape, number, position, and structure. Enamel alterations were classified by the DDE index. All individuals exhibited anomalies, with predominance of hypoplastic disorders, mainly agenesis of mandibular incisors and second premolars and demarcated creamy-white enamel opacities primarily affecting the maxillary premolars. Individuals with Richieri-Costa Pereira syndrome exhibit high prevalence of tooth agenesis, especially mandibular incisors and premolars, as well as high frequency of enamel opacities. These findings are compatible with the mandibular cleft observed in all individuals and also reflect the hypoplastic characteristic of the syndrome.
    Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and oral radiology. 07/2012; 114(1):99-106.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hypodontia is the most common dental anomaly and might cause clinical complications. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and pattern of congenital missing in the permanent dentition dentition (excluding third molars), among Iranian orthodontic patients. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, all approved panoramic radiographs of 3374 orthodontic patients (aged 10 to 20 years old), who had visited the Orthodontic Departments of all Tehran Dentistry Universities and 10 private clinics during the years 1999 to 2009 were investigated, to establish the prevalence of hypodontia in the permanent dentition (excluding third molars). The data were analyzed using a chi-square test (α = 0.01). Included were 2012 female and 1362 male patients. The prevalence of hypodontia was 5.21% (5.86% in females, 4.25% in males). The difference between the genders in terms of missing teeth was not significant (P = 0.202). A total of 298 teeth were missing (166 in females, 132 in males). The average of missing per individual was found to be 1.69 (1.40 missing for each girl, 2.32 for each boy). There was no significant difference between the number of missing teeth in males and females (P = 0.160). The most common missing teeth were maxillary lateral incisors (37.2%), mandibular second premolars (22.1%), and mandibular central incisors (10.7%). In both unilateral and bilateral hypodontia cases, the maxillary lateral had the highest prevalence of missing, followed by the mandibular second premolar. Missing was significantly more frequent (P = 0.001) in the maxilla (5.3%) compared to the mandible (3.5%). Out of every 20 Iranian orthodontic patients, one might have some missing permanent teeth, needing early attention. Hypodontia was more prevalent in females (though not significantly) and in the maxilla. Although more females were affected, the number of missing per individual was greater in males.
    Dental research journal 05/2012; 9(3):245-50.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dental Irregularities are frequently related with orthodontic problem. It may include variation in number of teeth, Size of teeth (Macro and Micro Dontia) or pattern in eruption. Such anomalies may lead to the disturbance in the arc length of maxilla and mandible as well as occlusion. Sometimes they are associated with different syndromes. The prevalence of such abnormalities is diverse in different societies and races of the world. In fact it significantly changed in different genders of the same society. In Pakistan the prevalence of hypodontia, hyperdontia and impaction is found to be 3.38%, 0.95% and 8.57 respectively.
    International Journal of Dental and Health Sciences. 02/2014; 01(01):39-46.