Brain metabolomic profiles of lung cancer patients prior to treatment characterized by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.42). 01/2012; 5(2):154-64.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cancer patients without evidence of brain metastases often exhibit constitutional symptoms, cognitive dysfunction and mood changes at the time of clinical diagnosis, i.e. prior to surgical and/or chemotherapy treatment. At present however, there is limited information on brain metabolic and functional status in patients with systemic cancers such as lung cancer prior to initiation of treatment. Therefore, a prospective, observational study was conducted on patients with a clinical diagnosis of lung cancer to assess the cerebral metabolic status before treatment using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)HMRS). Together with neurocognitive testing, (1)HMRS was performed in the parietal and occipital cortices of patients diagnosed with a lung mass (N=17) and an age-matched control group (N=15). Glutamate concentrations in the occipital cortex were found to be lower in the patients compared to controls and the concentrations of creatine and phosphocreatine were significantly lower in the parietal cortex of the patients. The lung cancer patients were also characterized by greater fatigue scores (but not depression) prior to treatment when compared to controls. In addition, the serum concentration of interleukin-6 (proinflammatory cytokine) was higher in patients compared to controls; and the concentration of tumor-necrosis factor alpha ([TNF-α]) was positively correlated to the metabolic activity of the lung tumor as defined by the 2-deoxy-2-((18)F)fluoro-D-glucose ((18)FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) derived maximal standardized uptake values (SUV(max)). Finally, multivariate statistical modeling revealed that the concentration of N-acetyl-aspartate [NAA] in the occipital cortex was negatively associated with [TNF-α]. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that the cerebral metabolic status of patients with lung cancer is changed even prior to treatment. In addition, the association between inflammatory cytokines, SUV(max) and [NAA] points towards interactions between the cancer's inherent metabolic activity, systemic subclinical inflammation and brain function.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world, especially in China. It is believed that genetic polymorphisms played a role in cancer susceptibility. Here we investigated the association of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene polymorphisms with the susceptibility of lung cancer in never-smoking Chinese Han population. In this study, we performed a case-control study including 330 cases of never-smoking lung cancer patients and 336 cancer-free never-smoking controls in Chinese Han population. We used polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method to identify gene polymorphisms, and then verified by sequencing method. The results indicated that the four single nucleotide polymorphisms (IL-6 -1363T/G and -572G/C, IL-10 -819T/C and -592A/C) were genotyped by PCR-RFLP and confirmed by sequencing, and we found that the allelic frequencies of G in IL-6 -1363T/G, C in IL-10 -819T/C and C in IL-10 -592A/C were significantly increased in lung cancer patients, by comparing with the control group. However, there was no significant difference in the distribution of the IL-6 572G/C polymorphisms between patients and controls. In conclusion, the IL-6 -1363T/G, IL-10 -819T/C and IL-10 -592A/C polymorphisms are closely related to genetic susceptibility to lung cancer in never-smoking Chinese Han population, and these genetic variants might be used as molecular markers for detecting lung cancer susceptibility.
    International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 01/2015; 8(1):1051-8. · 1.42 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies show a reciprocal inverse association between cancer and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The common mechanistic theory for this effect posits that cells have an innate tendency toward apoptotic or survival pathways, translating to increased risk for either neurodegeneration or cancer. However, it has been shown that cancer patients experience cognitive dysfunction pre- and post-treatment as well as alterations in cerebral gray matter density (GMD) on MRI. To further investigate these issues, we analyzed the association between cancer history (CA±) and age of AD onset, and the relationship between GMD and CA± status across diagnostic groups in the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) cohort study. Data was analyzed from 1609 participants with information on baseline cancer history and AD diagnosis, age of AD onset, and baseline MRI scans. Participants were CA+ (N = 503) and CA- (N = 1106) diagnosed with AD, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), significant memory concerns (SMC), and cognitively normal older adults. As in previous studies, CA+ was inversely associated with AD at baseline (P = 0.025); interestingly, this effect appears to be driven by non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), the largest cancer category in this study (P = 0.001). CA+ was also associated with later age of AD onset (P < 0.001), independent of apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele status, and individuals with two prior cancers had later mean age of AD onset than those with one or no prior cancer (P < 0.001), suggesting an additive effect. Voxel-based morphometric analysis of GMD showed CA+ had lower GMD in the right superior frontal gyrus compared to CA- across diagnostic groups (P crit < 0.001, uncorrected); this cluster of lower GMD appeared to be driven by history of invasive cancer types, rather than skin cancer. Thus, while cancer history is associated with a measurable delay in AD onset independent of APOE ε4, the underlying mechanism does not appear to be cancer-related preservation of GMD.
    Frontiers in Physiology 10/2014; 5:423. DOI:10.3389/fphys.2014.00423
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is an accumulating body of evidence indicating association between inflammation and the pathogenesis of coronary vasospastic angina (CVA). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine, functions as a mediator of inflammatory response and has both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the present study is to investigate the association of -634C/G polymorphism of IL-6 gene with CVA in Han Chinese. A total of 27 CVA patients and 232 healthy controls were eligible for this study. The PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique was used to assess the genotypes frequencies. The distribution of the IL-6 -634C/G genotypes (CC, CG, and GG) was 59.48%, 37.07%, and 3.45% in the controls, and 37.04%, 48.15%, and 14.81% in CVA group, respectively (P = 0.0080). The frequency of the G allele in the CVA group was significantly higher than that in the control group (38.89% vs 21.98%, P = 0.0057). Compared with the wild type CC, the G allele carriers (CG + GG genotypes) had increased risk of CVA in both unadjusted and adjusted analyses. These findings suggest that IL-6 -634C/G polymorphism is associated with CVA and the G allele is an independent risk for CVA in Han Chinese.
    International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 01/2014; 7(9):2858-64. · 1.42 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 2, 2014