Article

# Operator Product Expansion of Inflationary Correlators and Conformal Symmetry of de Sitter

Nuclear Physics B (Impact Factor: 4.33). 05/2012; 864(3). DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2012.07.004

Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**The n-point correlation functions in single-field inflation obey a set of consistency conditions in the exact squeezed limit which are not present in multi-field models, and thus are powerful tools to distinguish between the two. However, these consistency conditions may be violated for a finite range of scales in single-field models, for example by departures from the Bunch-Davies state. These it excited states may be the consequence of interactions during inflation, or may be a remnant of the era that preceded inflation. In this paper we analyze the bispectrum, and show that in the regime of theoretical control the resulting signal in the squeezed limit remains undetectably small in all known models which continuously excite the state. We also show that the signal remains undetectably small if the initial state is related to the Bunch-Davies state by a Bogoliubov transformation and the energy density in the state is small enough so that the usual slow-roll conditions are obeyed. Bogoliubov states that lead to violations of the slow-roll conditions, as well as more general excited states, require more careful treatment and will be discussed in a separate publication.Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 03/2013; 2013(08). · 6.04 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We show that the correlation functions of any single-field cosmological model with constant growing-modes are constrained by an infinite number of novel consistency relations, which relate N+1-point correlation functions with a soft-momentum scalar or tensor mode to a symmetry transformation on N-point correlation functions of hard-momentum modes. We derive these consistency relations from Ward identities for an infinite tower of non-linearly realized global symmetries governing scalar and tensor perturbations. These symmetries can be labeled by an integer n. At each order n, the consistency relations constrain --- completely for n=0,1 and partially for n>= 2 - the q^n behavior of the soft limits. The identities at n=0 recover Maldacena's original consistency relations for a soft scalar and tensor mode, n=1 gives the recently-discovered conformal consistency relations, and the identities for n>= 2 are new. As a check, we verify directly that the n=2 identity is satisfied by known correlation functions in slow-roll inflation.04/2013; - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We investigate the structure of the constraints on three-point correlation functions emerging when conformal invariance is imposed in momentum space and in arbitrary space-time dimensions, presenting a derivation of their solutions for arbitrary scalar operators. We show that the differential equations generated by the requirement of symmetry under special conformal transformations coincide with those satisfied by generalized hypergeometric functions (Appell's functions). Combined with the position space expression of this correlator, whose Fourier transform is given by a family of generalized Feynman (master) integrals, the method allows to derive the expression of such integrals in a completely independent way, bypassing the use of Mellin-Barnes techniques, which have been used in the past. The application of the special conformal constraints generates a new recursion relation for this family of integrals.Journal of High Energy Physics 04/2013; 2013(7). · 5.62 Impact Factor

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