[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Experimental toxemia of pregnancy was induced in 8 pregnant monkeys (Macacamulatta) by reducing the abdomiinal aorta to one-third of its original diameter during the last month of gestation. It was characterized by hypertension and proteinuria. In the kidney, light and electron microscopy and immunofluorescence revealed findings similar to those in human toxemia. Focal necrosis in the liver and diffuse hemorrhagic infarctions in the placenta were also observed. Plasma renin activity and aldosterone levels, as determined in blood from the uterine vein, were elevated. None of these changes were found in 4 control animals.
American Journal Of Pathology 04/1977; 86(3):573-90. · 4.52 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our purpose was to investigate whether markers for activation of the immune system are present in patients with preeclampsia by assessing maternal plasma and amniotic fluid for tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta.
Twenty-one patients with severe preeclampsia composed the study group (group A). An antepartum comparison group was composed of healthy nulliparous patients not in labor and matched for gestational age (group B). Another control group consisted of term nulliparous patients in labor with uneventful pregnancies (group C). Maternal plasma samples were collected from all patients at recruitment and from patients in groups A and C immediately after delivery and again 20 to 24 hours post partum. Amniotic fluid was also collected from patients in groups A and C during labor. All samples were collectively assayed for tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta by specific enzyme-linked immunoassays.
Before labor tumor necrosis factor-alpha was detected more frequently in the plasma of preeclamptic patients than in the plasma of patients in group B (12/16 vs 5/16, p < 0.05) and in higher concentrations (median 35 pg/ml vs median 0 pg/ml, p < 0.05). Although tumor necrosis factor-alpha was frequently detected in the plasma of patients in group C in early labor (16/20), concentrations were higher in the four preeclamptic patients first sampled in early labor (210 pg/ml vs 65 pg/ml, p < 0.05). Similarly, amniotic fluid levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha were increased in preeclamptic patients compared with control patients. At delivery tumor necrosis factor-alpha was more likely to be identified in the plasma of preeclamptic patients and was found in higher concentrations, but by 20 to 24 hours post partum measurements in the preeclamptic and control patients were similar. There were no differences in the frequency with which interleukin-1 beta was detected or the concentration of interleukin-1 beta in any of the samples.
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha is increased in the plasma and amniotic fluid of patients with severe preeclampsia. These data are suggestive of a role for abnormal immune activation in the pathophysiologic mechanisms of preeclampsia.
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 07/1994; 170(6):1752-7; discussion 1757-9. · 3.88 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.