Proteomic analysis of the impact of static culturing on the expansion of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.
ABSTRACT The clinical potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine is due to their self-renewal, proliferation and multi-lineage differentiation potential. Clinical use requires large cell numbers; which can, theoretically, be generated by ex vivo expansion of plastic adherent, MSC subpopulation, of bone marrow cells (BMC). Effects of serial culture on MSC phenotype were investigated using non-gel based quantitative proteomic methodology for static monolayer cultures of rat BMC. In total, 382 proteins were relatively quantified (≥ 2 peptides). Nine proteins were up-regulated and seven down-regulated at passage 4 relative to passage 2 (p ≤ 0.05). We propose that serial culture impacts on MSC expansion (observed decline in colony forming potential and colony size) is through a combination of osteogenic differentiation and ageing/senescence and propose six novel protein biomarkers as candidates for quality control purposes in bioprocessing.