Impact of Histological Chorioamnionitis on Tracheal Aspirate Cytokines in Premature Infants
ABSTRACT Histological chorioamnionitis (CHORIO) may increase inflammatory mediators in the lungs of preterm infants.
To study the impact of CHORIO on tracheal aspirate (TA) cytokines in ventilated infants.
TA samples collected within 48 hours after birth from 40 ventilated neonates (gestational age [GA] <30 weeks, body weight [BW] <1250 g) were analyzed. Levels of 12 cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, epidermal growth factor [EGF], interferon-γ [IFN-γ], monocyte chemotactic protein-1 [MCP-1], tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α], vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF]) were measured using a biochip multianalyte immunoassay (Randox Laboratories, Antrim, UK). Total protein was measured by the Bradford assay. CHORIO assessment was done by a blinded pathologist.
Twenty-six infants (GA 26.6 ± 1.4 weeks, BW 852 ± 162 g) had no CHORIO and 14 (GA 25.1 ± 1.0 weeks, BW 776 ± 164 g) had CHORIO. IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-8, and VEGF were significantly higher in TA of infants with CHORIO. After correction for dilution, IL-1α, IL-1β, and IL-8 were significantly elevated. Increased TA total cell count correlated with CHORIO, VEGF, EGF, MCP-1, IL-8, and IL-6 TA levels (all p ≤ 0.02). Ventilator, oxygen supplementation, and hospital days correlated with TA IFN-γ levels (all p ≤ 0.01).
CHORIO is associated with increased specific proinflammatory mediators in TA samples of preterm infants.
- SourceAvailable from: Mansoor Syed
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- "Immunoblot Analysis. Detection of Arg1 (BD Biosciences ), Ym1 (Chi3l3) (STEMCELL Technologies), iNOS, and í µí»½-actin (Santa Cruz Biotechnology Inc.) was done using appropriate antibodies by Western analysis, as described previously    "
ABSTRACT: Rationale. Hyperoxia exposure to developing lungs-critical in the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia-may augment lung inflammation by inhibiting anti-inflammatory mediators in alveolar macrophages. Objective. We sought to determine the O2-induced effects on the polarization of macrophages and the role of anti-inflammatory BRP-39 in macrophage phenotype and neonatal lung injury. Methods. We used RAW264.7, peritoneal, and bone marrow derived macrophages for polarization (M1/M2) studies. For in vivo studies, wild-type (WT) and BRP-39(-/-) mice received continuous exposure to 21% O2 (control mice) or 100% O2 from postnatal (PN) 1 to PN7 days, along with intranasal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administered on alternate days (PN2, -4, and -6). Lung histology, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cell counts, BAL protein, and cytokines measurements were performed. Measurements and Main Results. Hyperoxia differentially contributed to macrophage polarization by enhancing LPS induced M1 and inhibiting interleukin-4 induced M2 phenotype. BRP-39 absence led to further enhancement of the hyperoxia and LPS induced M1 phenotype. In addition, BRP-39(-/-) mice were significantly more sensitive to LPS plus hyperoxia induced lung injury and mortality compared to WT mice. Conclusions. These findings collectively indicate that BRP-39 is involved in repressing the M1 proinflammatory phenotype in hyperoxia, thereby deactivating inflammatory responses in macrophages and preventing neonatal lung injury.Mediators of Inflammation 11/2013; 2013:457189. DOI:10.1155/2013/457189 · 3.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background The role and mechanism of action of MIF in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are not known. We hypothesized that increased MIF signaling would ameliorate the pulmonary phenotype of BPD in the mouse lung. Methods We studied newborn wild type (WT), MIF knockout (MIFKO), and lung MIF transgenic (MIFTG) mice in room air and a BPD model, and examined the effects of administering a small molecule MIF agonist and antagonist. Lung morphometry was performed and mRNA and protein expression of vascular mediators were analyzed. Results The pulmonary phenotype of MIFKO and MIFTG mice lungs in room air (RA) and BPD model were comparable to the WT-BPD mice at postnatal (PN) day 14. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, -R1 and Angiopoietin (Ang)1 mRNA were decreased, and Ang2 increased in the WT-BPD, MIFKO-RA, MIFKO-BPD, MIFTG-RA and MIFTG-BPD mice lungs, compared to appropriate controls. The protein expression of Ang1 in the MIFKO-RA was similar to WT-RA, but decreased in MIFTG-RA, and decreased in all the BPD groups. Ang2 was increased in MIFKO-RA, MIFTG-RA and in all 3 BPD groups. Tie2 was increased in WT-BPD compared to WT-RA, but decreased in MIFKO- and MIFTG- RA and BPD groups. VEGFR1 was uniformly decreased in MIFKO-RA, MIFTG-RA and in all 3 BPD groups. VEGF-A had a similar expression across all RA and BPD groups. There was partial recovery of the pulmonary phenotype in the WT-BPD model treated with the MIF agonist, and in the MIFTG mice treated with the MIF antagonist. Conclusions These data point to the careful regulatory balance exerted by MIF in the developing lung and response to hyperoxia and support the potential therapeutic value of small molecule MIF modulation in BPD.Respiratory research 02/2013; 14(1):27. DOI:10.1186/1465-9921-14-27 · 3.38 Impact Factor
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