Surgical site infection prevention policies and adherence in California hospitals, 2010.
Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, NY 10032, USA.Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology (impact factor: 3.67). 06/2012; 33(6):640-1. DOI:10.1086/665716 pp.640-1
Article: California hospitals response to state and federal policies related to health care-associated infections.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In October 2008, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) denied payment for ten selected health care-associated infections (HAI). In January 2009, California enacted mandatory reporting of infection prevention processes and HAI rates. This longitudinal mixed-methods study examined the impact of federal and state policy changes on California hospitals. Data on structures, processes, and outcomes of care were collected pre- and post-policy changes. In-depth interviews with hospital personnel were performed after policy implementation. More than 200 hospitals participated with 25 personnel interviewed. We found significant increases in adoption of and adherence to evidence-based practices and decreased HAI rates (p < .05). Infection preventionists (IP) spent more time on surveillance and in their offices and less time on education and in other locations (p < .05). Qualitative data confirmed mandatory reporting had intended and unintended consequences and highlighted the importance of technology and organizational climate in preventing infections and the changing IPs' role. This is especially relevant because the California Department of Public Health has since mandated hospitals to report data on 29 different for surgical site infections and a lawsuit has been filed to delay the implementation of these requirements.Policy Politics & Nursing Practice 05/2011; 12(2):73-81.
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