Potential role of γδ T cell-derived IL-17 in acute cardiac allograft rejection.
ABSTRACT Although αβ T cells are known to participate in the development of acute cardiac allograft rejection, the role of γδ T cells remains poorly understood. We hypothesized that γδ T cells contribute to acute allograft rejection thru interleukin (IL)-17 production.
Donor hearts from FVB mice (H-2q) were heterotopically transplanted into C57BL/6-wild type (WT) and γδ T cell-deficient (TCRδ-/-) recipient mice (H-2b). Overall graft survival was monitored. Graft infiltrating cell profile, including γδ T cell subtype, cytokine expression, and myeloperoxidase activity were measured by flow cytometry, TaqMan (Applied Biosystems, Carlsbad, CA) polymerase chain reaction, and myeloperoxidase assay, respectively, on postoperative days 3 and 6.
Graft survival was prolonged in TCRδ-/- recipients compared with WT controls. Graft infiltrating cells, including CD45+, CD4+, CD8+, and Gr1+ cells were significantly decreased in TCRδ-/- recipients compared with WT. Donor hearts transplanted into TCRδ-/- recipients had reduced IL-17 and IL-6 messenger RNA expression. Corroborating the gene expression, intracellular cytokine staining showed decreased IL-17 producing cells in TCRδ-/- recipients. Finally, Vγ1+ and Vγ4+ T cells did not produce IL-17, although both represent 20% to 30% total graft infiltrating γδ T cells.
The γδ T cells promote acute cardiac allograft rejection, presumably by producing IL-17. The γδ T cell depletion may prove beneficial in prolonging allograft survival by suppressing IL-17 production.
- Transplantation 11/1973; 16(4):343-50. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A hamster monoclonal antibody (mAb) recognizing an epitope in the V gamma 1-J gamma 4-C gamma 4 chain of the gamma/delta T cell receptor has been generated. Using this mAb, we have quantitated the occurrence of V gamma 1-bearing gamma/delta T cells in the developing thymus and in the lymphoid organs and several epithelia of adult mice. The V gamma 1-expressing cells constitute a minor gamma/delta T cell subpopulation during fetal and early postnatal life, but they constitute a major population of gamma/delta T cells in the thymus and in the peripheral lymphoid organs in adult mice. In addition, we found that V gamma 1-bearing cells comprise a large proportion (15-60%) of the gamma/delta T cells present in the intestinal epithelium (i-IEL) in all strains of mice tested. V gamma 1+ i-IEL are present in athymic (nude) mice and in antigen-free mice, demonstrating that they can develop extrathymically and that their presence in the intestinal epithelium is independent of the antigenic load of the gut. Our results show that V gamma 1-bearing lymphocytes account for the largest population of gamma/delta T cells in the mouse. This population includes a thymus-dependent component that homes to the secondary lymphoid organs and a thymus-independent component that constitutes a major fraction of the gamma/delta i-IELs.Journal of Experimental Medicine 01/1996; 182(6):1921-30. · 13.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is an essential component of the oxygen-dependent microbicidal system of neutrophils and monocytes. Hereditary deficiency of MPO occurs in 1 in 2,000 to 4,000 individuals in the general population and has been generally considered an autosomal recessive trait. Previous studies have used the peroxidase activity of blood leukocytes to assess the phenotype of affected family members. Eosinophil peroxidase (EPO) also contributes to the peroxidase activity of blood leukocytes. Because EPO expression is normal in MPO-deficient subjects, eosinophil contamination can significantly contribute to peroxidase activity in leukocytes from family members of an MPO-deficient subject and thereby undermine correct interpretation of the inheritance pattern. To avoid this potential problem, we used cytochemical, immunochemical, and genetic techniques to assess the inheritance pattern of MPO deficiency in sixteen individuals from five unrelated kindreds. Each kindred had an index case with MPO deficiency and the R569W missense mutation, a genotype that causes MPO deficiency. Our analysis demonstrated that MPO deficiency was not inherited as a simple autosomal recessive trait. Most subjects were compound heterozygotes with respect to the R569W mutation and demonstrated a spectrum of phenotypes. Our data demonstrate the broad phenotypic impact of compound heterozygosity on the expression and function of a multimeric protein such as MPO.Journal of Leukocyte Biology 03/1998; 63(2):264-9. · 4.57 Impact Factor