Visibility of microcalcification clusters and masses in breast tomosynthesis image volumes and digital mammography: A 4AFC human observer study
ABSTRACT To investigate the visibility of simulated lesions in digital breast tomosynthesis (BT) image volumes compared with 2D digital mammography (DM).
Simulated lesions (masses and microcalcifications) were added to images of the same women acquired on a DM system (Mammomat Novation, Siemens) and a BT prototype. The same beam quality was used for the DM and BT acquisitions. The total absorbed dose resulting from a 25-projection BT acquisition and reconstruction (BT(25)) was approximately twice that of a single DM view. By excluding every other projection image from the reconstruction (BT(13)), approximately the same dose as in DM was effected. Simulated microcalcifications were digitally added with varying contrast to the DM and BT images. Simulated masses with 8 mm diameter were also added to BT images. A series of 4-alternative forced choice (4AFC) human observer experiments were conducted. Four medical physicists participated in all experiments, each consisting of 60 trials per experimental condition. The observers interpreted the BT image volumes in cine-mode at a fixed image sequence speed. The required threshold contrast (S(t)) to achieve a detectability index (d') of 2.5 (i.e., 92.5% correct decisions) was determined.
The S(t) for mass detection in DM was approximately a factor of 2 higher than required in BT indicating that the detection of masses was improved under BT conditions compared to DM. S(t) for microcalcification detection was higher for BT than for DM at both BT dose levels (BT(25) and BT(13)), with a statistically significant difference in S(t) between DM and BT(13). These results indicate a dose-dependent decrease in detection performance in BT for detection of microcalcifications.
In agreement with previous investigations, masses of size 8 mm can be detected with less contrast in BT than in DM indicating improved detection performance for BT. However, for the investigated microcalcifications, the results of this study indicate potentially worse performance for BT than for DM at the same dose level.
Conference Paper: Visibility of single spiculations in digital breast tomosynthesis[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Purpose: To investigate the visibility of single spiculations in digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). Method: Simulated spheres (6 mm diameter) with single spiculations were added to projection images acquired on a DBT system (MAMMOMAT Inspiration, Siemens). The spiculations had a cylindrical shape and were randomly, diagonally aligned (at four different positions: ± π/4 or ± 3π/4) at a plane parallel to the detector. They were assumed to consist of a fibroglandular tissue composition. The length of the spiculations was 5 mm while the diameter varied (0.12 – 0.28 mm). Reconstructed central slices of the lesion, separated by insertion in fatty or dense breasts (100 images in each), were used in 4-alternative forced choice (4AFC) human observer experiments. Three different reconstructions were used: filtered back projection (FBP) with 1 mm thick slices and a statistical artifact reduction reconstruction (SAR) method generating 1 and 2 mm thick slices. Five readers participated and their task was to locate the spiculation in randomly presented images from the whole image set (4 diameters × 100 images). The percent correct (PC) decision was determined in both fat and dense tissue for all spiculation diameters and reconstructions. Results: At a PC level of 95% the required diameter was about 0.17 – 0.22 mm in dense tissue, and 0.18 – 0.26 mm in fatty tissue (depending upon reconstruction). Conclusions: SAR was found to be a promising alternative to FBP. The visibility of single spiculations was determined. The required diameter depends on both tissue composition and reconstruction.SPIE Medical Imaging; 03/2013
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the radiological and histological features of additional tumors detected by tomosynthesis compared with those detected by conventional mammography.12/2014; 28(1). DOI:10.1016/j.senol.2014.11.001
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This paper introduces a hybrid method for performing detection studies in projection image based modalities, based on image acquisitions of target objects and patients. The method was used to compare 2D mammography and digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) in terms of the detection performance of spherical densities and microcalcifications. The method starts with the acquisition of spheres of different glandular equivalent densities and microcalcifications of different sizes immersed in a homogeneous breast tissue simulating medium. These target objects are then segmented and the subsequent templates are fused in projection images of patients and processed or reconstructed. This results in hybrid images with true mammographic anatomy and clinically relevant target objects, ready for use in observer studies. The detection study of spherical densities used 108 normal and 178 hybrid 2D and DBT images; 156 normal and 321 hybrid images were used for the microcalcifications. Seven observers scored the presence/absence of the spheres/microcalcifications in a square region via a 5-point confidence rating scale. Detection performance in 2D and DBT was compared via ROC analysis with sub-analyses for the density of the spheres, microcalcification size, breast thickness and z-position. The study was performed on a Siemens Inspiration tomosynthesis system using patient acquisitions with an average age of 58 years and an average breast thickness of 53 mm providing mean glandular doses of 1.06 mGy (2D) and 2.39 mGy (DBT). Study results showed that breast tomosynthesis (AUC = 0.973) outperformed 2D (AUC = 0.831) for the detection of spheres (p < 0.0001) and this applied for all spherical densities and breast thicknesses. By way of contrast, DBT was worse than 2D for microcalcification detection (AUC2D = 0.974, AUCDBT = 0.838, p < 0.0001), with significant differences found for all sizes (150-354 µm), for breast thicknesses above 40 mm and for heights above the detector of 20 mm and above. In conclusion, the hybrid method was successfully used to produce images for a detection study; results showed breast tomosynthesis outperformed 2D for spherical densities while further optimization of DBT for microcalcifications is suggested.Physics in Medicine and Biology 04/2015; 60(10):3939-3958. DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/60/10/3939 · 2.92 Impact Factor