Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Clinical and Conceptual Complexities

VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA.
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (Impact Factor: 2.96). 05/2012; 18(3):390-3. DOI: 10.1017/S1355617712000367
Source: PubMed
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Available from: Sureyya Dikmen, Jul 28, 2014
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    • "This could be the reason that patients with PTSD or TBI show a spectrum of common clinical features such as depression, anxiety, sleep disturbances, irritability, diffi culty in concentration and chronic pain (Vasterling et al., 2009). There are evidence that suggest that mTBI can progress into PTSD (Vasterling and Dikmen, 2012). Due to such overlapping symptoms and causative agents, TBI can often be misdiagnosed for PTSD or vice versa. "
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    • "Historically, the effects of mTBI have more often been couched in nonneurological terms where persisting symptoms have been viewed as neurotic manifestations of a traumatic event (Lishman 1988; Sandy Macleod 2010; see also discussions in Shenton et al. in this special issue). Indeed a host of emotional and psychological factors likely participate in mTBI outcome (Vasterling and Dikmen 2012 "
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    ABSTRACT: Contemporary neuroimaging methods and research findings in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are reviewed in this special issue. Topics covered include structural and functional neuroimaging techniques with a particular emphasis on the most contemporary research involving magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Future research directions as well as applied applications of using neuroimaging techniques to define biomarkers of brain injury are covered.
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