Malignant tumors of the small intestine: A histopathologic study of 41 cases among 1,312 consecutive specimens of small intestine

Department of Pathology, Shizuoka City Shimizu Hospital Shizuoka, Japan.
International journal of clinical and experimental pathology (Impact Factor: 1.89). 01/2012; 5(3):203-9.
Source: PubMed


There are few comprehensive studies of small intestinal malignancies. The author retrospectively reviewed 1,312 archival pathologic specimens of the small intestine in the last 10 years in our pathologic laboratory in search for malignant tumors of the small intestine. There were 22 cases (1.7%) of primary adenocarcinoma, 3 cases (0.2%) of primary squamous cell carcinoma, 6 cases (0.5%) of metastatic carcinoma, 6 cases (0.5%) of malignant lymphoma, 3 cases (0.2%) of carcinoid tumor, and 1 case (0.08%) of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Of the 25 cases of primary adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, 24 cases were located in the duodenum and 1 case in the ileum. The 22 cases of adenocarcinoma were classified into 7 well differentiated, 7 moderately differentiated, and 8 poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas. All the three squamous cell carcinomas were moderately differentiated ones with keratinization and intercellular bridges. In the 25 cases of carcinoma, immunoreactive p53 protein was present in 23 cases, and the Ki-67 labeling ranged from 40% to 95% with a mean of 76%. In the 6 cases of metastatic adenocarcinoma, the origin was ovary in 1 case, pancreas in 2 cases, gall bladder in 1 case, lung in 1 case, and colon in 1 case. In the 6 cases of lymphoma, 4 cases were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and 2 cases were peripheral T-cell lymphomas. In the 3 cases of carcinoid tumor, all were typical carcinoids and immunohistochemically positive for at least one of neuroendocrine markers (chromogranin, synaptophysin, neuron specific enolase, and CD56). In the 1 case of GIST, the cell type is spindle and GIST cells were immunohistochemically positive for KIT and CD34. The histological risk was intermediate. Forty-one cases of small intestinal malignancies were reviewed histopathologically.

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    • "Among SI malignancies, squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are even more rare [11]. Only 3 cases (0.2%) of primary SCC were found in a recent analysis of 1.312 consecutive pathologic specimens of SI [11]. A review of the English literature revealed only three cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the small intestine (2 cases in the duodenum [7] [13], 1 case in the terminal ileum [12]). "
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    ABSTRACT: Squamous cell carcinoma arising from the small intestine is rare and difficult to identify as a primary or metastatic feature. We report a case of small intestinal squamous cell carcinoma manifesting as subacute peritonitis due to perforation. An 80-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with intermittent postprandial abdominal pain. He was diagnosed with acute peritonitis due to gastrointestinal perforation. During explorative laparotomy, a perforation site was detected in the jejunum and segmental resection to correct the perforation was performed including the perforation site located at the 70 cm inside the jejunum from the Treitz ligament. The pathology results revealed squamous cell carcinoma in the resected segment of the jejunum with two perforation sites.
    International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 10/2014; 7(9):6345-9. · 1.89 Impact Factor
    • "Primary adenocarcinoma of duodenum is a rare tumour, constituting 0.3-1% of all gastroinstestinal tumours with second part being the most common site of involvement[12]. Resection is the primary treatment for localized disease, with unresectable tumor having poorer prognosis than resectable ones.[3] "
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    ABSTRACT: Primary adenocarcinoma of duodenum is a very rare tumour with a prevalence of only 0.3 to 1% of among all the tumours of gastrointestinal tracts. Localised tumours, if resected have good prognosis but those with metastates entails a poor prognosis, where generally palliation may be the only feasible option. Low dose continous cytotoxic treatment or metronomic chemotherapy prevents neoangiogenesis and chemoresistance thereby, provides excellent symptom relief and palliation in many advanced heavily pretreated solid malignancies. It offers as an affordable, less toxic therapy with moderate to good efficacy. Here we report a case of a 52 year female who, presented with history of maleana, pallor and pedal edema for last 2 months. Her performance status was poor (KPS 40) and she had enlarged left supraclavicular lymph node, palpable liver and vague mass in paraumbilical region. Upper GI endoscopy revealed large ulceroproliferative growth in the D2 segment and HPE showed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. CT scan revealed paratracheal and retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy and bone scan revealed vertebral metastasis. Patient received oral cyclophosphamide and hematinic and vitamin support, along with radiation to spine. There was near complete clinical response, and progression free period of about 32 weeks. Thus, single agent cyclophosphamide in the present case provided near total clinical response and prolonged period of freedom from disease progression with excellent palliation of symptoms. Hence in patient of advanced and metastatic small bowel cancer, with poor performance status metronomic therapy with single agent cyclophosphamide may provide viable option both for treatment and palliation.
    Indian Journal of Palliative Care 09/2014; 20(3):239-42. DOI:10.4103/0973-1075.138402
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    • "Abdominal metastases from extra-abdominal cancer are not unusual, and tumor spread into the small bowel as a result of secondary SCC has been well reported [7-9]. Many extra-abdominal SCCs, such as those of the esophagus [1,2], lung [3,4], penis [10], ovary, pancreas and gallbladder [11], can metastasize to the small intestine. However, the lung is the most common extra-abdominal site for intestinal metastases [3,4,8,9]. "
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    ABSTRACT: The small bowel rarely suffers from metastatic tumors from outside the abdomen. Small bowel obstructions caused by the metastatic spread of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the hand to the intestines are even rarer. A 71-year-old man with intermittent abdominal distension and pain for 4 months was diagnosed with partial bowel obstruction. The patient underwent a video capsule endoscopic examination; however, the patient was unable to pass the capsule, which worsened the abdominal distension. He was transferred to our department for acute intestinal obstruction, and an emergency exploratory laparotomy was performed. Intraoperatively, a tumoral stricture of the intestine at a distance of 150 cm from the ileo-cecum and dilation of the proximal bowel was found. The involved segment was resected, and ileo-ileal anastomosis was performed. The pathological sections confirmed the lesion to be a moderately differentiated SCC with whole bowel layer infiltration. Immunohistochemical staining showed positive expression of cytokeratin 5/6 and p63. The patient had an uneventful recovery. However, 6 months later, he was hospitalized again with intestinal obstruction. Reoperation was performed and revealed multiple metastases in the small bowel. He died 4 months later. In this unusual case, metastasizing SCC of the hand skin led to intestinal obstruction and poor prognosis. Therefore, follow-up procedures regarding intestinal spread should be performed in patients with SCC who present with abdominal symptoms.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 05/2014; 12(1):166. DOI:10.1186/1477-7819-12-166 · 1.41 Impact Factor
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