Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compound, rutin in cardiospermum halicacabum leaves.

Department of Biochemistry, Kongunadu Arts and Science College, Coimbatore-641 029, Tamilnadu, India.
Ancient science of life 10/2005; 25(2):47-9.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT C.halicacabum is wide spread in tropical and sub-tropical Asia and Africa. Our laboratory results showed crude ethanolic extract of this plant exerted anti-inflammatory activity in chronic inflammatory models. In this present study, we tried to investigate the presence of anti-inflammatory compound in this extract.

  • European Journal of Biochemistry 09/2000; 267(16):4903. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rutin, a natural flavone derivative, is known for its pharmacological properties. We have previously reported that this flavonol exerted a potent inhibitory effect on respiratory burst of fMet-Leu-Phe-stimulated neutrophils, as well as on phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma activity in a cell free system. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory effect of rutin was investigated in vivo and in vitro. rutin or aspirin (100 mg/kg, body weight) were given orally to rats 1 hour before paw oedema induction, using lambda-carrageenan 1%. The rat paw volume was measured by mean of plethysmometer, initially and during 6 hours. The chemotaxis of neutrophils towards 10(-7) M fMet-Leu-Phe was performed using 48-well chemotaxis chamber. Neutrophils that migrated through 5 microm pore size polycarbonate filter, in presence or in absence of rutin, were counted microscopically. Elastase exocytosis of either phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate or fMet-Leu-Phe/cytochalasin B-stimulated neutrophils was assessed in absence or in presence of rutin using the synthetic substrate N-Suc-Ala-Ala-Ala-p-nitroanilide. The absorbance of released p-nitroaniline was measured at 405 nm using microplate reader. The maximal swelling in placebo group was observed at 5 hours, after lambda-carrageenan injection. Oral administration of rutin reduced rat paw swelling starting 2 hours after lambda-carrageenan injection. Rutin reduced significantly (p < 0.05) and in a dose-dependant manner the polymorphonuclear neutrophils chemotaxis to fMet-Leu-Phe. Furthermore, elastase exocytosis, induced by both stimuli, was partially inhibited by rutin up to 25 microM. The present study revealed that rutin possesses anti-inflammatory properties.
    Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology 03/2003; 54(4):313-8. · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Quercetin, dihydroquercetin, and rutin are capable of scavenging superoxide anion (rate constants of the reaction with superoxide at pH 10 were 1.7 x 10(5), 1.5 x 10(5), and 0.5 x 10(5) M-1 s-1, respectively). At the same time rutin and quercetin but not dihydroquercetin are iron ion chelators. These substances were used to elucidate the role of radical scavenging and iron chelating in flavonoid protection against asbestos-induced oxidative cellular injury. Exposure of rat peritoneal macrophages to chrysotile asbestos fibers resulted in "frustrated" phagocytosis, cell injury, and a LDH release. Quercetin, dihydroquercetin, and rutin were effective in protecting the phagocytic cells against injury caused by asbestos. Moreover, these flavonoids exhibited cellular protection in the same order of effectiveness as that observed for the quenching of superoxide: quercetin > dihydroquercetin > rutin. Exposure of human red blood cells to asbestos fibers also caused progressive cell injury and lysis. Quercetin and rutin protected the red cells (quercetin > rutin), whereas dihydroquercetin was ineffective in preventing asbestos-induced hemolysis. The protective ability of quercetin and rutin may be related to their iron-chelating activity. Due to this these flavonoids can be located on asbestos surface in sites of initiation of free radical reactions and their antiradical moieties can scavenge reactive oxygen species immediately after the appearance. Thus, both antiradical and chelating effects appear to be involved in the flavonoid protection against silica-induced cell injury.
    Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 07/1998; 355(1):43-8. · 3.37 Impact Factor


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