Lumbar spine radiographic features and demographic, clinical, and radiographic knee, hip, and hand osteoarthritis

Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. .
Arthritis care & research 10/2012; 64(10):1536-44. DOI: 10.1002/acr.21720
Source: PubMed


To determine the prevalence of lumbar spine individual radiographic features (IRFs) of disc space narrowing (DSN), osteophytes (OST), and facet joint osteoarthritis (FOA); to describe the frequencies of demographic, clinical, and radiographic knee, hip, and hand osteoarthritis (OA) across lumbar spine IRFs; and to determine factors associated with lumbar spine IRFs.
We conducted a cross-sectional study of 840 participants enrolled in the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project (2003-2004). Sample-based prevalence estimates were generated for each lumbar spine IRF. The associations between lumbar spine IRFs and demographic, clinical, and peripheral joint OA were determined with logistic regression models.
Sample-based prevalence estimates were similar for DSN (57.6%) and FOA (57.9%) but higher for OST (88.1%), with significant differences across race and sex. Hand and knee OA frequencies increased across IRFs, whereas the effect was absent for hip OA. African Americans had lower odds of FOA (adjusted odds ratio [OR(adj) ] 0.45 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.32-0.62]), while there was no racial association with DSN and OST. Low back symptoms were associated with DSN (OR(adj) 1.37 [95% CI 1.04-1.80]) but not OST or FOA. Knee OA was associated with OST (OR(adj) 1.62 [95% CI 1.16-2.27]) and FOA (OR(adj) 1.69 [95% CI 1.15-2.49]) but not DSN. Hand OA was associated with FOA (OR(adj) 1.67 [95% CI 1.20-2.28]) but not with DSN or OST. No associations were found with hip OA.
These findings underscore the importance of analyzing lumbar spine IRFs separately as the associations with demographic, clinical, and radiographic knee, hip, and hand OA differ widely.

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Available from: Virginia B Kraus, Jan 08, 2015
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    • "and 1.44 (95% CI: 0.89–2.33) [36] [47]. Table 4 describes the counts, proportions, aORs and uORs, 95% CI, and categorization grade of radiographic features for each included occupation-based study. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background/purpose: Low back pain (LBP) is a prevalent musculoskeletal condition and represents a substantial socioeconomic burden. Plain film radiography is a commonly used imaging technique. Radiographic features (RFs) such as disc space narrowing, osteophytes, spondylosis, endplate sclerosis, spondylolisthesis, and facet joint osteoarthritis have all been debated as potential pain generators in the lumbar spine. The aim of this study is to (1) determine the association between LBP and lumbar spine RFs in both community- and occupation-based groups and (2) to determine if there are differences in these associations between these two groups. Methods: A systematic electronic search of PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane was conducted with keywords related to LBP and lumbar spine RFs. The search was restricted from inception of each respective database to April 2014. Inclusion criteria consisted of observational studies of adults (≥18 years) with and without nonspecific LBP. Studies were excluded if they investigated LBP related to infection, malignancy, or rheumatologic nature or were conducted in cadavers. Quality assessment was conducted with the Item Bank for Assessment of Risk of Bias and Precision for Observational Studies of Interventions or Exposures. Random effect models were used for all pooled analyses with associations represented by odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Statistical heterogeneity was assessed with I(2), with significant heterogeneity represented as >50%. Results: Overall, 28 (22 community-based and six occupation-based) studies met the eligibility criteria consisting of 26,107 subjects. A significant, positive association was found between disc space narrowing and LBP, which did not differ (p = 0.22) in both community- and occupation-based studies [OR = 1.47 (95% CI: 1.36-1.58)] and [OR = 1.76 (95% CI: 1.34-2.33)], respectively. No significant statistical heterogeneity was present in either estimate (I(2) = 0.0%). A significant association was found between spondylolisthesis and LBP in occupation-based studies [OR = 2.21 (95% CI: 1.44-3.39)] that differed significantly (p < 0.01) from community-based studies [OR = 1.12 (95% CI: 1.03-1.23)]. These individual estimates were also homogeneous (I(2) = 0.0%). The association between other radiographic features was modest (i.e., spondylosis and osteophytes) or non-significant (i.e., endplate sclerosis and facet joint). Quality of included studies varied, with the majority demonstrating good quality. Conclusion: A significant association was found between disc space narrowing in both community- and occupational-based populations without significant differences between the associations. A significant strong association was found between spondylolisthesis and LBP among the occupational group but was weakly associated in the community-based group, which supports that spondylolisthesis may contribute a specific cause for LBP.
    Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism 12/2014; 44(5). DOI:10.1016/j.semarthrit.2014.10.006 · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    • "Mechanical, nutritional, traumatic, and genetic factors have all been implicated in the cascade of disc degeneration to variable degrees [2]. Increasing age, gender, higher body mass index (BMI) scores, demanding jobs/physical activities, lower bone mineral density, and genetic factors have been associated with lumbar degenerative disc disease [3,4,5,6,7,8]. In magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is a sensitive imaging method for the evaluation of degenerative disc disease, disc space narrowing, loss of T2-weighted signal within the nucleus pulposus, fissures, vacuum changes and calcification, endplate changes, ligamentous and/or marrow signal changes, presence of osteophytosis, and stenosis have been reported [2,9]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Study DesignCase-control.PurposeTo determine whether a disproportion between two neighboring vertebral end plates is associated with degenerative disc disease.Overview of LiteratureRecently, it has been suggested that disproportion of the end plates of two adjacent vertebrae may increase the risk of disc herniation.MethodsMagnetic resonance (MR) images (n=160) with evidence of grades I-II lumbar degenerative disc disease (modified Pfirrmann's classification) and normal MR images of the lumbar region (n=160) were reviewed. On midsagittal sections, the difference of anteroposterior diameter of upper and lower end plates neighboring a degenerated (in the case group) or normal (in the control group) intervertebral disc was calculated (difference of end plates [DEP]).ResultsMean DEP was significantly higher in the case group at the L5-S1 level (2.73±0.23 mm vs. 2.21±0.12 mm, p=0.03). Differences were not statistically significant at L1-L2 (1.31±0.13 mm in the cases vs. 1.28±0.08 mm in the controls, p=0.78), L2-L3 (1.45±0.12 mm in the cases vs. 1.37±0.08 mm in the controls, p=0.58), L3-L4 (1.52±0.13 mm in the cases vs. 1.49±0.10 mm in the controls, p=0.88), and L4-L5 (2.15±0.21 mm in the cases vs. 2.04±0.20 mm in the controls, p=0.31) levels. The difference at the L5-S1 level did not remain significant after adjusting for body mass index (BMI), which was significantly higher in the patients.ConclusionsEnd plate disproportion may be a significant, BMI-dependent risk factor for lumbar degenerative disc disease.
    Asian spine journal 08/2014; 8(4):405-11. DOI:10.4184/asj.2014.8.4.405
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    ABSTRACT: (1) To determine associations between radiographic features of lumbosacral (LS) spine disc space narrowing (DSN) and osteophytes (OST) and joint metabolism biomarkers (serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), hyaluronic acid (HA), collagen neoepitope (C2C), C-propeptide of type II procollagen (CP-II), urine C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide (CTX-II) and N-terminal telopeptide (NTX-I)). (2) To explore interactions with race, gender and low back symptoms. Cross-sectional analysis of 547 participants enrolled in the Johnston County (JoCo) Osteoarthritis Project from 2003 to 2004. Mean biomarker levels were estimated with linear regression. Proportional and partial-proportional odds models were used to estimate associations. Interactions were tested with likelihood ratio tests at a P-value < 0.10. Biomarkers were natural log (ln) transformed. Significant differences in mean biomarker levels were found across severity of DSN for lnHA and lnC2C and lnCTX-II across severity of both DSN and OST. Moderate-to-strong associations were found between biomarkers of type II collagen and DSN, whereas associations with OST were weak. An association between lnHA and DSN was seen in women (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.34 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.08, 1.65)) but no association among men (aOR = 0.90 (95% CI 0.63, 1.26)). In Caucasians there was a decreased association with NTX-I and OST (aOR = 0.67 (95% CI 0.49, 0.91)) and no association in African Americans (AAs) (aOR = 1.06 (95% CI 0.76, 1.47)). There was a positive association of lnCOMP with DSN among those with low back symptoms (aOR = 1.82 (95% CI 1.02, 3.27)), but no association in those without low back symptoms (aOR = 0.65 (95% CI 0.35, 1.20)). Joint metabolism biomarkers suggest biological differences in the pathologic process involved in DSN and OST that may be gender (HA) and ethnicity (NTX-I) specific.
    Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 08/2012; 20(11):1286-93. DOI:10.1016/j.joca.2012.08.003 · 4.17 Impact Factor
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