Outcomes of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with chronic renal insufficiency

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Iranian journal of kidney diseases (Impact Factor: 0.92). 05/2012; 6(3):216-8.
Source: PubMed


We evaluated the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. A total of 60 patients with a creatinine level greater than 1.5 mg/dL who underwent PCNL were included. Serum creatinine level, as a kidney function index, was assessed before and after the operation. The mean calculus size was 31.13 ± 9.38 mm. The mean pre-operative and 2-week postoperative serum creatinine levels were 2.43 ± 0.75 mg/dL and 2.08 ± 0.78 mg/dL, respectively. There was a significant difference between the pre-operative and postoperative creatinine levels in all postoperative days (days 1, 2, and 14). Fifty of the 60 patients (83.3%) were stone free. Ten patients (16.6%) developed postoperative fever. We can conclude that percutaneous nephrolithotomy seems to be a safe and effective therapeutic option for kidney calculi in patients with chronic kidney disease.

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Available from: Pejman Shadpour, Sep 19, 2014

  • Iranian journal of kidney diseases 05/2012; 6(3):162-4. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Tubeless PCNL has been utilized to shorten hospital stay and improve patient postoperative pain control. Prior studies have excluded those patients with significant bleeding or other complications. Our objective was to evaluate the utility of tubeless PCNL in all patients irrespective of intraoperative outcome. Materials and methods: A retrospective review of the charts of patients who underwent PCNL at our institute was performed. Patients were assigned to one endourologist Who routinely performed tubeless PCNL and to a second endourologist who routinely left a small-bore pigtail nephrostomy. Preoperative demographics operative and postoperative outcomes were compared. Results: Out of 159 patients included, 83 patients had tubeless PCNL while 76 patients had standard PCNL. There was no difference between groups regarding age, gender, ASA score, number, maximum diameter of stones, number of calyces involved, Stone density (HU), laterality and use of preoperative narcotics. While staghorn stones were more common in patients who underwent standard PCNL (p = 0.008). Tubeless patients had less number of access tracts (p ≤ 0.001), shorter hospital stay (1.7 vs. 3.0 days, p = 0.001) when compared to standard PCNL group. Multivariable analysis controlling for confounding factors including staghorn calculi and number of accesses confirmed that tubeless PCNL was associated with shorter hospital stay and less postoperative pain. There was no significant difference in complication rates between the two groups. Conclusion: Our report confirms the previous reports of shorter hospital stay, less pain and analgesia as compared to standard PCNL, and establishes its safety irrespective of bleeding, perforation, extravasation or other intraoperative issues that have previously been utilized as exclusionary criteria for this approach.
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