Outcomes of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with chronic renal insufficiency.

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Iranian journal of kidney diseases (Impact Factor: 0.92). 05/2012; 6(3):216-8.
Source: PubMed


We evaluated the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. A total of 60 patients with a creatinine level greater than 1.5 mg/dL who underwent PCNL were included. Serum creatinine level, as a kidney function index, was assessed before and after the operation. The mean calculus size was 31.13 ± 9.38 mm. The mean pre-operative and 2-week postoperative serum creatinine levels were 2.43 ± 0.75 mg/dL and 2.08 ± 0.78 mg/dL, respectively. There was a significant difference between the pre-operative and postoperative creatinine levels in all postoperative days (days 1, 2, and 14). Fifty of the 60 patients (83.3%) were stone free. Ten patients (16.6%) developed postoperative fever. We can conclude that percutaneous nephrolithotomy seems to be a safe and effective therapeutic option for kidney calculi in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Download full-text


Available from: Pejman Shadpour, Sep 19, 2014
1 Follower
22 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We determined the role of intervention and its outcome in patients with a solitary kidney, nephrolithiasis and chronic renal insufficiency, as well as the role of clearance in these patients compared to those with a solitary kidney, nephrolithiasis and normal renal function. A total of 36 records was evaluable, including 16 from patients with normal (group 1) and 20 from those with abnormal (group 2) renal function. Group 2 was further subdivided into those with mild to moderate (group 2A) and advanced (group 2B) renal failure. Patients with acute renal failure were excluded from the study. Glomerular filtration rate was calculated by the Cockcroft and Gault formula. The reciprocal of serum creatinine was used to determine outcome. Groups 1 and 2 were comparable demographically except for serum creatinine, stone bulk and hospital stay. Of 36 patients 8 with normal renal function and 15 with chronic renal failure underwent percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy, 6 underwent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy and 7 underwent open surgery. Total clearance was achieved in 25 of 36 patients (72%). Glomerular filtration rate improved in 24 patients, remained stable in 8 and deteriorated in 4. However, 3 patients had less than 20% deterioration and 1 had significant deterioration in function after intervention. Improvement in glomerular filtration rate after intervention was significantly greater in cases of advanced renal failure. Patients with residual stones did worse than those without residual calculi. Mean hospital stay, deterioration in glomerular filtration rate and major morbidity rate were significantly greater in patients with residual calculi than in those with total clearance. Intervention should be contemplated in patients with a solitary kidney, stone disease and renal failure as in any other patient with stone disease, with the aim being total clearance. Stone eradication delays deterioration, and decreases the requirement for dialysis and renal replacement.
    The Journal of Urology 06/1997; 157(5):1574-7. DOI:10.1016/S0022-5347(01)64798-0 · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Of 403 patients with renal and ureteric calculi treated during the last 4 years, 64 presented with features of chronic renal insufficiency: 59 of these underwent surgery. Good pre-operative preparation and conservative renal surgery restored normal renal function in 14 patients and 27 improved significantly. The remainder either did not improve or continued to have progressive renal failure. It is emphasised that these patients are considerably worse off compared with their counterparts with normal renal function. The overall mortality rate was 17%. Patients whose post-operative serum creatinine levels did not stabilise to less than 884 mumol/l seemed to make poor progress in the follow-up period.
    British Journal of Urology 05/1985; 57(2):130-2. DOI:10.1111/j.1464-410X.1985.tb06404.x
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To our knowledge the prevalence of urinary stone disease and concurrent mild to moderate renal insufficiency has never been reported. A review of our last 2,000 urinary stone patients identified 33 (1.65%) with serum creatinine levels of 2.0 mg./dl. or greater at presentation. Chemical composition, location and complexity of the calculi, types of procedures required to render the patient stone-free and the effect of surgical intervention (independent of relief of obstruction) on renal function were evaluated. Mean serum creatinine level before surgical intervention and after placement of a ureteral stent or percutaneous nephrostomy tube in patients with evidence of obstruction was 3.2 mg./dl. (range 2.0 to 7.5). Complete or partial staghorn calculi were found in 21 of the 33 patients (64%), including 8 with bilateral staghorn calculi. Seven patients required 1 procedure, 1 required urinary alkalization alone and the other 25 required an average of 3.5 procedures each. Stone analysis revealed struvite, mixed calcium and uric acid to be the most common types. Followup creatinine values (the latest available within 1 year) and corresponding creatinine clearances showed remarkable improvement. The mean decrease in serum creatinine level was 1.2 mg./dl. (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in the rate of decrease between patients with pretreatment serum creatinine levels of 2.0 to 2.9 mg./dl. and those with initial values of 3.0 or more. Renal calculi and concurrent mild to moderate renal insufficiency warrant aggressive treatment. Patients demonstrate significant improvement in renal function independent of relief of obstruction.
    The Journal of Urology 11/1994; 152(4):1086-90. · 4.47 Impact Factor
Show more