Sustainable transportation based on electric vehicle concepts: a brief overview

Energy & Environmental Science (Impact Factor: 11.65). 06/2010; 3(6):689. DOI: 10.1039/C001674H

ABSTRACT The energy storage system is of decisive importance for all types of electric vehicles, in contrast to the case of vehicles powered by a conventional fossil fuel or bio-fuel based internal combustion engine. Two major alternatives exist and need to be discussed: on the one hand, there is the possibility of electrical energy storage using batteries, whilst on the other hand there is the storage of energy in chemical form as hydrogen and the application of a fuel cell as energy converter. The advantages and limitations, and also the impact of both options are described. To do so, existing GM concept vehicles and mass production vehicles are presented. Eventually, an outlook is given that addresses cost targets and infrastructure opportunities as well as requirements.

DOI: 10.1039/c001674h

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper presents a critical review of the drivelines in all-electric vehicles (EVs). The motor topologies that are the best candidates to be used in EVs are presented. The advantages and disadvantages of each electric motor type are discussed from a system perspective. A survey of the electric motors used in commercial EVs is presented. The survey shows that car manufacturers are very conservative when it comes to introducing new technologies. Most of the EVs on the market mount a single induction or permanent-magnet (PM) motor with a traditional mechanic driveline with a differential. This paper illustrates that comparisons between the different motors are difficult by the large number of parameters and the lack of a recommended test scheme. The authors propose that a standardized drive cycle be used to test and compare motors.
    IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 01/2012; 61(2):475-484. · 2.06 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Energy and design of energy-feedback are becoming increasingly important in the HCI community. Our application area concerns electric vehicles, we thus depart from home and workplace appliances and address range and energy anxiety caused by short driving distance capabilities and long charging times in mobile settings. We explore this topic by letting conventional fuel car drivers reflect on their current driving habits through an exploration tool that we use as a technology probe. Our preliminary results demonstrate the educational values of the energy representations in the tool, and we also identify a design tension for map-related energy representations.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background High gasoline prices, global warming, pollution and dependence on foreign sources of oil are four major issues the world is facing today. In a world where energy supply security and environmental protection are major concerns, the development of green vehicles is becoming a necessity. The Electric vehicle (EV) is one of the most promising technologies that will make the “green dream” come true. Methods A contemporary business case that encourages the immediate deployment of urban EVs is presented. It proposes a model in which we can profit from the benefits of urban EVs namely, high energy efficiency, emissions reduction, small size and noise reduction. The model mitigates the EV potential limitations such as energy source, charging infrastructure, impact on electrical power system and cost issues. It also provides ideas to overcome the barriers of the technology application in order to speed up their commercialization. Concluding remarks Energy conservation and environmental protection are the main driving forces behind the development of electric vehicles. Urban EVs seem to be a good choice for cities and urban centers since their potential drawbacks are few and can be mitigated. This study reveals that having an environmentally friendly vehicle can soon become a reality if collaborative efforts are properly directed.
    European Transport Research Review 4(1).


Available from
May 22, 2014