Unaltered myocilin expression in the blood of primary open angle glaucoma patients.

Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Molecular vision (Impact Factor: 1.99). 01/2012; 18:1004-9.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To investigate the expression of the myocilin gene (MYOC) in the blood of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patients to determine if altered systemic expression is playing a role.
Patients (n=47) were eligible for inclusion if they met standard clinical criteria for POAG. Control subjects (n=27) were recruited who were free from glaucoma by examination. RNA was extracted from leukocytes of patients and controls and converted to cDNA by reverse transcriptase enzyme, and quantitative PCR was used to assess expression levels of MYOC and the house keeping gene β-globulin (HBB). The ratio of MYOC expression to HBB expression for POAG patients was compared to that of controls and to clinical characteristics of POAG patients.
Mean gene expression values were statistically similar in POAG patients and controls for both MYOC (p≤0.55) and HBB (p≤0.48). MYOC/HBB ratios were also statistically indistinguishable between POAG patients and controls (p≤0.90). MYOC/HBB ratios were not significantly associated with age, sex, or ethnicity of patients within the POAG group. Similarly, MYOC/HBB ratios were not significantly associated with clinical parameters related to POAG severity, including maximum intraocular pressure, vertical cup-to-disk ratio, static perimetry mean deviation, or static perimetry pattern standard deviation.
MYOC expression is not altered in the blood of POAG patients, unlike MYOC expression in trabecular meshwork (TM) cultures. These results suggests that MYOC expression is not altered systemically but rather that MYOC expression may contribute to POAG pathogenesis in specific tissues such as TM.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Background: Wildervanck Syndrome (WS; cervico-oculo-acoustic syndrome) consists of Duane retraction syndrome (DRS), the Klippel-Feil anomaly, and congenital deafness. It is much more common in females than males and could be due to an X-linked mutation that is lethal to hemizygous males. We present the genetic evaluation of a male with WS and his family. Materials and Methods: Clinical evaluation and neuroimaging, sequencing of candidate genes, and array comparative genomic hybridization. Results: The patient had bilateral type 1 DRS, fusion of almost the entire cervical spine, and bilateral severe sensorineural hearing loss due to bilateral cochlear dysplasia; he also had congenital heart disease requiring surgery. His parents were unrelated, and he had eight unaffected siblings. The patient had no mutation found by Sanger sequencing of HOXA1, KIF21A, SALL4, and CHN1. He had a 3kB deletion in the X-chromosome at Xq26.3 that was not found in his mother, one unaffected sibling, or 56 healthy controls of matching ethnicity. This deletion encompassed only one gene, Fibroblast Growth Factor Homologous Factor 13 (FGF13), which encodes a 216-amino acid protein that acts intracellularly in neurons throughout brain development. Conclusions: Analysis of this patient's phenotype and genotype open the possibility that X-chromosome deletions may be a cause of WS with larger deletions being lethal to males and that FGF13 mutations may be a cause of WS.
    Ophthalmic Genetics 02/2013; · 1.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: Some individuals are born with congenital restriction of ocular motility, often associated with ptosis and retraction of the globe. Many of these disorders are now known as the congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders (CCDDs). While several genes have been associated with CCDD phenotypes, there are still patients for whom the genetic basis has not been identified. Methods: Clinical evaluation and neuroimaging, sequencing of candidate genes, and array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH). Results: The patient was a four-year-old girl with mild dysmorphism; bilateral mild ptosis; substantial restriction of abduction OS with milder restrictions of abduction OD, adduction OS, and vertical gaze OS; and retraction OS > OD on attempted adduction. No mutations were detected in the HOXA1, KIF21A, SALL4, TUBB3, and CHN1 genes. Array CGH revealed a 8 Kb de novo deletion on chromosome 2 (2q24.3) that encompassed a portion of only one gene, the Xin Actin-binding Repeat containing 2 (Gene Symbol XIRP2; NM_001079810). This gene encodes a protein that is involved in muscle development and protecting actin filaments from depolymerization. It interacts functionally with 10 other proteins playing a similar role in muscle development. Conclusions: This patient's chromosomal abnormality affected only one gene that currently seems involved only in muscle development. All other genes currently associated with the CCDDs affect neurologic development. Genetic information from this patient implies that genes involved in development and maintenance of extraocular muscles can cause congenital ocular motility disorders as well.
    Seminars in ophthalmology 01/2014; · 1.09 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 21, 2014