Article

Theoretical study of the excited-state double proton transfer in the (3-methyl-7-azaindole)-(7-azaindole) heterodimer.

Division of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan.
Journal of Computational Chemistry (Impact Factor: 3.6). 05/2012; 33(20):1701-8. DOI: 10.1002/jcc.23000
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Excited-state double proton transfer (ESDPT) in the (3-methyl-7-azaindole)-(7-azaindole) heterodimer is theoretically investigated by the long-range corrected time-dependent density functional theory method and the complete-active-space second-order perturbation theory method. The calculated potential energy profiles exhibit a lower barrier for the concerted mechanism in the locally excited state than for the stepwise mechanism through the charge-transfer state. This result suggests that the ESDPT in the isolated heterodimer is likely to follow the former mechanism, as has been exhibited for the ESDPT in the homodimer of 7-azaindole.

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    ABSTRACT: Excited-state multiple proton transfer (ESMPT) in the cluster of 7-azaindole with three water molecules [7-azaindole(H(2)O)(3)] is theoretically investigated by the TDDFT, CASPT2, and CC2 methods. Examination of the potential energy surface in the first excited state indicates that ESMPT in 7-azaindole(H(2)O)(3) proceeds initially with the rearrangement of hydrogen bond structure of water molecules from a bridged-planar isomer to a cyclic-nonplanar isomer, followed by triple proton transfer in the latter. This reaction is found to be energetically more favorable than quadruple proton transfer in the bridged-planar isomer without hydrogen bond reorganization. It is also shown that all proton-transfer processes follow a concerted mechanism rather than a stepwise mechanism. The computational results show good consistency with the unexpected experimental observations as to the electronic spectra and excited-state lifetime. In particular, the barrier of the hydrogen bond rearrangement is found to be less than 1 kcal/mol, consistent with the missing vibronic bands for 7-azaindole(H(2)O)(3) with an excess energy of more than 200 cm(-1) in the S(1) state.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 10/2012; · 2.77 Impact Factor