Weekly nab-Paclitaxel in Combination With Carboplatin Versus Solvent-Based Paclitaxel Plus Carboplatin as First-Line Therapy in Patients With Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Final Results of a Phase III Trial
ABSTRACT This phase III trial compared the efficacy and safety of albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel) plus carboplatin with solvent-based paclitaxel (sb-paclitaxel) plus carboplatin in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
In all, 1,052 untreated patients with stage IIIB to IV NSCLC were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive 100 mg/m(2) nab-paclitaxel weekly and carboplatin at area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) 6 once every 3 weeks (nab-PC) or 200 mg/m(2) sb-paclitaxel plus carboplatin AUC 6 once every 3 weeks (sb-PC). The primary end point was objective overall response rate (ORR).
On the basis of independent assessment, nab-PC demonstrated a significantly higher ORR than sb-PC (33% v 25%; response rate ratio, 1.313; 95% CI, 1.082 to 1.593; P = .005) and in patients with squamous histology (41% v 24%; response rate ratio, 1.680; 95% CI, 1.271 to 2.221; P < .001). nab-PC was as effective as sb-PC in patients with nonsquamous histology (ORR, 26% v 25%; P = .808). There was an approximately 10% improvement in progression-free survival (median, 6.3 v 5.8 months; hazard ratio [HR], 0.902; 95% CI, 0.767 to 1.060; P = .214) and overall survival (OS; median, 12.1 v 11.2 months; HR, 0.922; 95% CI, 0.797 to 1.066; P = .271) in the nab-PC arm versus the sb-PC arm, respectively. Patients ≥ 70 years old and those enrolled in North America showed a significantly increased OS with nab-PC versus sb-PC. Significantly less grade ≥ 3 neuropathy, neutropenia, arthralgia, and myalgia occurred in the nab-PC arm, and less thrombocytopenia and anemia occurred in the sb-PC arm.
The administration of nab-PC as first-line therapy in patients with advanced NSCLC was efficacious and resulted in a significantly improved ORR versus sb-PC, achieving the primary end point. nab-PC produced less neuropathy than sb-PC.
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ABSTRACT: Metastatic thymic carcinoma is an aggressive cancer that usually responds poorly to multimodal therapies. Although surgical resection is the preferred treatment for patients with advanced or metastatic disease, the clinical prognosis is typically poor. The present study describes a 63-year-old patient with thymic carcinoma who underwent a range of antitumor treatments, including surgical resection, post-operative radiotherapy and post-operative chemotherapy with several drugs, but ultimately responded to treatment with nab-paclitaxel (nab-P) and nedaplatin. Subsequent to six cycles of nab-P and nedaplatin, the lung and peritoneal metastases decreased in size and the pleural effusion was reduced. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to describe the response of an advanced thymic carcinoma to nab-P chemotherapy.Oncology letters 04/2015; 9(4):1715-1718. DOI:10.3892/ol.2015.2953 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The current enhanced permeability and retention (EPR)-based approved nanomedicines have had little impact in terms of prolongation of overall survival in patients with cancer. For example, the two Phase III trials comparing Doxil®, the first nanomedicine approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, with free doxorubicin did not find an actual translation of the EPR effect into a statistically significant increase in overall survival but did show less cardiotoxicity. In the current work, we used a two-factor factorial experimental design with intraperitoneal versus intravenous delivery and nanomedicine versus free drug as factors to test our hypothesis that regional (intraperitoneal) delivery of nanomedicine may better increase survival when compared with systemic delivery. In this study, we demonstrate that bypassing, rather than exploiting, the EPR effect via intraperitoneal delivery of nanomedicine harboring a sustained-release function demonstrates dual pharmacokinetic advantages, producing more efficient tumor control and suppressing the expression of stemness markers, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, angiogenesis signals, and multidrug resistance in the tumor microenvironment. Metastases to vital organs (eg, lung, liver, and lymphatic system) are also better controlled by intraperitoneal delivery of nanomedicine than by standard systemic delivery of the corresponding free drug. Moreover, the intraperitoneal delivery of nanomedicine has the potential to replace hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy because it shows equal efficacy and lower toxicity. In terms of efficacy, exploiting the EPR effect may not be the best approach for developing a nanomedicine. Because intraperitoneal chemotherapy is a type of regional chemotherapy, the pharmaceutical industry might consider the regional delivery of nanomedicine as a valid alternative pathway to develop their nanomedicine(s) with the goal of better tumor control in the future.International Journal of Nanomedicine 03/2015; 10:2485—2502. DOI:10.2147/IJN.S78321 · 4.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of abraxane-based chemotherapy with/without nedaplatin in elderly patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). From October 2009 to January 2013, 48 elderly patients (≥65 years) with NSCLC were investigated in this clinical trial. The patients were randomized and equally allocated into arms A and AP: (A) abraxane (130 mg/m(2), days 1, 8); (B) abraxane + nedaplatin (20 mg/m(2) days 1-3, q3w). The parameters of objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and side effects were evaluated between two arms. Over 80% of the patients completed four cycles of chemotherapy. The total ORR was 21.3%, DCR was 55.3%, PFS 4.5 months and OS 12.6 months. No significant difference was found between arms A and AP in terms of ORR (16.7% vs. 26.1%, P=0.665) or DCR (55.3% vs. 56.5%, P=0.871). The median PFS in arm A was 3.3 months [25-75% confidence interval (CI): 3.1-7.2] and 5.5 months (25-75% CI: 3.2-7.0) in arm AP with no statistical significance (P=0.640). The median OS in arm A was 12.6 months (25-75% CI: 5.7-26.2) and 15.1 months (25-75% CI: 6.4-35.3) in arm AP with no statistical significance (P=0.770). The side effects were mainly grade 1-2. The incidence of grade 3-4 toxicities was 29.1% in arm A and 62.5% in arm AP with a statistical significance (P=0.020). Compared with combined therapy, abraxane alone chemotherapy was beneficial for elderly NSCLC patients with better tolerability and less adverse events, whereas did not significantly differ in terms of ORR, DCR, PFS or OS.Chinese Journal of Cancer Research 04/2015; 27(2):190-6. DOI:10.3978/j.issn.1000-9604.2014.12.17 · 0.93 Impact Factor