cDNA cloning and differential expression patterns of ascorbate peroxidase during post-harvest in Brassica rapa L.
ABSTRACT Ascorbate is an antioxidant and a cofactor of many dioxygenases in plant and animal cell metabolism. A well-recognized enzyme consuming ascorbate is ascorbate peroxidase (APX), which catalyses the reduction of hydrogen peroxide to water with the simultaneous oxidation of ascorbate with a high specificity. The isolation and characterisation of new Apx cDNAs, could provide new insights about the physiological roles and regulation of these enzymes. In this work chloroplastic (Br-chlApx) and cytosolic (Br-cApx) isoform transcripts were isolated by RT-PCR in Brassica rapa and expression changes were analysed by semi-quantitative RT-PCR performed in different tissues (layer, stalk and florets) at different days (0, 4 and 14 day). The result showed that BrApx isoforms were differentially expressed and the Br-chlApx, in particular in the layer, had the highest expression level and remained unchanged also after 14 day after harvest. In addition, expression changes were compared with total BrAPX activity and the results showed that the activity decreased in all tissues at 14 day after harvest, independently of transcripts. Finally, additional solutes as the substrate of APX ascorbate and its oxidized form, dehydroascorbate, as well as α-tocopherol, the major vitamin E compound that prevents the propagation of lipid peroxidation in thylakoid membranes, were followed. The changes in the BrApx expression, BrAPX activity and metabolites can provide further evidence of the close relationships that exist between antioxidants which compensate for each other and suggest that there are multiple sites of reciprocal control.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is a key adaptor molecule for the tumor necrosis factor superfamily and Toll-like/interleukin-1 receptor superfamily. It plays an important role in innate and adaptive immunity. The TRAF6 of Japanese scallop Mizuhopecten yessoensis (designated as MyTRAF6) was identified and characterized in this study. The full-length cDNA of MyTRAF6 was 2,407 bp, which consisted of 239-bp 5'-terminal untranslated region, 1,974-bp open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 657 amino acids, 194-bp of 3'-terminal untranslated region followed by a canonical polyadenylation signal sequence AATAAA and a poly (A) tail. The predicted amino acid sequence of MyTRAF6 contained the characteristic motifs of TRAF proteins, including a Zinc finger of RING-type, two Zinc fingers of TRAF-type, and a MATH (meprin and TRAF homology) domain. It had an overall identity of 43-96 % with those of other TRAF6s, the highest identity (96 %) with Chlamys farreri TRAF6, and the least identity (43 %) with Meleagris gallopavo TRAF6. Phylogenetic analysis classified MyTRAF6 as a true TRAF6 ortholog. In addition, the promoter of MyTRAF6 was also identified by genome walking. It contained several potential transcription factor-binding sites and three single nucleotide polymorphisms. qRT-PCR analysis revealed that MyTRAF6 was highly expressed in hemocytes of adult M. yessoensis. MyTRAF6 transcript level in the hemocytes reached a maximum 6 h after Vibrio anguilarum challenge. The results indicated that MyTRAF6 may fulfill an important function during M. yessoensis bacterial infection. It could be a key effector molecule involved in the innate defense of molluscs.Molecular Biology Reports 05/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor