Choriocarcinoma of the lung: report of a case.
ABSTRACT In this report, a 27-year-old woman with a solitary pulmonary nodule is described. Because computed tomography-guided biopsy could not confirm the diagnosis, surgical treatment was performed by video-assisted thoracic surgery. Histological findings showed cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts, suggesting choriocarcinoma. However, there were no abnormal findings on gynecological examination, including ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron-emission tomography. Choriocarcinoma is a malignant neoplasm and can arise after a pregnancy, as a component of germ cell tumors, or in association with a poorly differentiated somatic carcinoma. Our patient, a young female with an antecedent gestation, has no recurrence after surgery. There were tumor emboli in pulmonary arteries and no component of primary lung carcinoma on histological examination. These findings indicate that the lesion was a metastasis of gestational choriocarcinoma. A rare case of a patient with metastatic gestational choriocarcinoma of a solitary pulmonary nodule without any uterine abnormality is presented.
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ABSTRACT: Primary choriocarcinoma of the posterior mediastinum is considered to be extremely rare, and the majority of these tumors occur in the gonads and uterus. The current study presents the case of a 40-year-old male who presented to the Department of Thoracic Surgery (Medical College of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China) with left chest pain for two months. Computed tomography of the chest showed a 4.9×5.2-cm mass in the posterior mediastinum and enlargement of the mediastinal lymph nodes. Resection of the tumor and upper lobe of the left lung was performed and the patient received combination chemotherapy with six courses of etoposide plus cisplatin. The patient recovered and was discharged. One year post surgery and chemotherapy, the patient was followed up and evidence of a recurrent tumor in the cerebrum was observed.Oncology letters 08/2014; 8(2):739-741. · 0.99 Impact Factor