Article

Economic evaluation of endothelial keratoplasty techniques and penetrating keratoplasty in the Netherlands.

University Eye Clinic, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
American Journal of Ophthalmology (Impact Factor: 4.02). 04/2012; 154(2):272-281.e2. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2012.02.023
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate cost-effectiveness of penetrating keratoplasty (PK), femtosecond laser-assisted Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (FS-DSEK), and Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK).
Cost-effectiveness analysis based on data from a randomized multicenter clinical trial and a noncomparative prospective study.
Data of 118 patients with corneal endothelial dysfunction were analyzed in the economic evaluation. Forty patients were included in the PK group, 36 in the FS-DSEK group, and 42 in the DSAEK group. The primary incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was the incremental costs per clinically improved patient, defined as a patient with a combined effectiveness of both a clinically improved BSCVA (defined as an improvement of at least 2 lines) and a clinically acceptable refractive astigmatism (defined as less than or equal to 3.0 diopters). Analysis was based on a 1-year follow-up period after transplantation.
The percentage of treated patients who met the combined effectiveness measures was 52% for DSAEK, 44% for PK, and 43% for FS-DSEK. Mean total costs per patient were €6674 (US$7942), €12 443 (US$14 807), and €7072 (US$8416) in the PK group, FS-DSEK group, and DSAEK group, respectively. FS-DSEK was less effective and more costly compared to both DSAEK and PK. DSAEK was more costly but also more effective compared to PK, resulting in incremental costs of €4975 (US$5920) per additional clinically improved patient.
The results of this study show that FS-DSEK was not cost-effective compared to PK and DSAEK. DSAEK, on the other hand, was more costly but also more effective compared to PK. Including societal costs, a longer follow-up period and preparation of the lamellar transplant buttons in a national cornea bank could improve the cost-effectiveness of DSAEK.

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