Selected heavy metals versus antioxidant parameters in bull seminal plasma - a comparative study.
ABSTRACT To investigate the effects of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) content on basic motility characteristics (motility, progressive motility) and selected antioxidant parameters (total antioxidant status - TAS, superoxide dismutase - SOD, albumin - ALB) in the bovine seminal plasma semen samples were collected from breeding bulls and used in the study. Motility analysis was carried out using the Computer Assisted Sperm Analysis (CASA) system. Subsequently, the samples were centrifuged and fractions of seminal plasma were collected. Pb and Cd concentrations were determined by the voltametric method (ASV), antioxidant parameters were analyzed by UV/VIS spectrophotometry using commercial kits. The analysis showed that the average concentrations of the trace elements were 0.57 ± 0.01 μg/mL for Pb and 0.11 ± 0.01 μg/mL for Cd. The correlation analysis revealed that both heavy metals were negatively correlated with motility (r = -0.777; P < 0.001 for Pb and r = -0.786; P < 0.001 for Cd), progressive motility (r = -0.763; P < 0.001 for Pb and r = -0.792; P < 0.001 for Cd), TAS (r = -0.375; p > 0.05 and r = -0.334; P > 0.05, respectively), SOD (r = -0.746; P < 0.001 and r = -0.537; P < 0.05, respectively) as well as with ALB (r = -0.609; P < 0.01 and r = -0.699; P < 0.001, respectively). Moreover the samples were categorized in three quality groups (Excellent, Good, Medium) according to their motility values. The lowest Pb and Cd concentrations but the best antioxidant characteristics were found in samples of excellent quality, medium quality samples were described by the highest Pb and Cd concentration and the worst antioxidant power. This study demonstrates that Pb and Cd are serious toxic elements, which are able to increase the risk of oxidative stress development and a subsequent decrease of semen quality.
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ABSTRACT: In this study, paraoxonase 1 (PON1; EC 126.96.36.199) was purified from bull semen, and some characteristics of the enzyme were investigated. In vitro inhibition effect of some heavy metals, including Cu(2+), Mn(2+), Cd(2+), Zn(2+), Ni(2+), and Pb(2+), on the activity of the purified enzyme was also investigated. The purification of bull semen PON1 procedure was composed of two steps: ammonium sulfate precipitation and Sepharose-4B-L-tyrosine-1-naphthylamine hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The enzyme, having a specific activity of 288 EU/mg proteins, was purified 22.67-fold with a yield of 89 %. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified enzyme showed the presence of a single band with an apparent MW of 66 kDa. The V max and K M values for the paraoxon substrate were determined as 100 EU and 8.0 × 10(-5) M, respectively. The inhibitory effects of different heavy metals on PON1 activity were determined by using the paraoxon as a substrate. The results showed that all the metals, except for Cd(2+), inhibited the PON1 enzyme activity in a concentration-dependent fashion. IC50 values of Cu(2+), Mn(2+), Zn(2+), Ni(2+), and Pb(2+) were found as 2.59 × 10(-3), 1.17 × 10(-3), 42.74 × 10(-3), 99.10 × 10(-3), 48.80 × 10(-3) mM, respectively. Conversely, Cd(2+) increased the bull semen PON1 enzyme activity. The present study has demonstrated that Cu(2+), Mn(2+), Zn(2+), Ni(2+), and Pb(2+) are serious toxic metals, which are able to increase the risk of oxidative stress development and a subsequent decrease of semen quality.Biological trace element research 02/2014; · 1.92 Impact Factor