Corticosteroid therapy in IgA nephropathy.
ABSTRACT The benefits and risks of steroids for the treatment of IgA nephropathy remain uncertain. We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library for randomized, controlled trials of corticosteroid therapy for IgA nephropathy published between 1966 and March 2011. We identified nine relevant trials that included 536 patients who had urinary protein excretion >1 g/d and normal renal function. Forty-six (8.6%) of these patients developed a kidney failure event, defined as doubling of the serum creatinine/halving of the GFR or ESRD. Overall, steroid therapy was associated with a lower risk for kidney failure (relative risk, 0.32 [95% confidence interval [CI], 0.15-0.67]; P=0.002) and a reduction in proteinuria (weighted mean difference, -0.46 g/d [95% CI, -0.63 to -0.29 g/d]), with no evidence of heterogeneity in these outcomes. Subgroup analysis suggested that the dose modifies the effect of steroids for renal protection (P for heterogeneity=0.030): Relatively high-dose and short-term therapy (prednisone >30 mg/d or high-dose pulse intravenous methylprednisolone with duration ≤1 year) produced significant renal protection, whereas low-dose, long-term steroid use did not. Steroid therapy was associated with a 55% higher risk for adverse events. The quality of included studies was low, however, limiting the generalizability of the results. In conclusion, steroids appear to provide renal protection in patients with IgA nephropathy but increase the risk for adverse events. Reliably defining the efficacy and safety of steroids in IgA nephropathy requires a high-quality trial with a large sample size.
- SourceAvailable from: ncbi.nlm.nih.govBMJ (Clinical research ed.). 10/2003; 327(7414):557-60.
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ABSTRACT: This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial evaluated the role of prednisone and omega 3 fatty acids (O3FA) in patients with IgA nephropathy. Entry criteria were (1) biopsy-proven IgA nephropathy, (2) estimated GFR > or = 50 ml/min per 1.73 m2, and (3) moderate to severe proteinuria. Thirty-three patients were randomly assigned to receive prednisone 60 mg/m2 every other day for 3 mo, then 40 mg/m2 every other day for 9 mo, then 30 mg/m2 every other day for 12 mo (prednisone group); 32 were randomly assigned to receive O3FA 4 g/d for 2 yr (1.88 g eicosapentaenoic acid, 1.48 g docosahexaenoic acid; O3FA group); and 31 were randomly assigned to receive placebo (placebo group). Most (73%) patients completed 2 yr of treatment. Randomly assigned patients who were hypertensive were given enalapril 2.5 to 40 mg/d. The primary end point was time to failure, defined as estimated GFR <60% of baseline. An overall significance level of 0.10 was used. The three groups were comparable at baseline except that the O3FA group had higher urine protein to creatinine (UP/C) ratios than the placebo group (P = 0.003). Neither treatment group showed benefit over the placebo group with respect to time to failure, with 14 patient failures overall (two in the prednisone group, eight in the O3FA group, and four in the placebo group). The primary factor associated with time to failure was higher baseline UP/C ratios (P = 0.009). Superiority of prednisone or O3FA over placebo in slowing progression of renal disease was not demonstrated in this study. However, the relatively short follow-up period, inequality of baseline UP/C ratios, and small numbers of patients precludes definitive conclusions.Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 05/2006; 1(3):467-74. · 5.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: No accepted therapy has been established for progressive immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy. A prospective, randomized, controlled trial of low-dose prednisolone therapy was performed in patients with IgA nephropathy with moderate histological characteristics. Forty-three patients in the steroid group and 47 patients in the control group were included in the study. The initial dose of prednisolone was 20 mg/d, gradually tapered to 5 mg/d during 2 years. Baseline urine protein-creatinine ratio (UP-UCR) was significantly greater in the steroid group than in controls. Follow-up duration was 65 +/- 25 months in the steroid group and 64 +/- 23 months in controls. Changes in UP-UCR from baseline, ie, UP-UCR at last follow-up minus UP-UCR at baseline, were significantly lower in the steroid group than in controls (steroid group, -0.84 +/- 1.78; controls, 0.26 +/- 1.65; P = 0.0034). Kidney survival was similar in both groups. Patients were divided into two subgroups according to clinical course. There were 28 improved patients and 15 unimproved patients in the steroid group and 27 improved patients and 20 unimproved patients in the control group. In the steroid group, UP-UCR was significantly greater in the unimproved than improved subgroup (3.1 +/- 2.6 versus 1.8 +/- 1.5). These data suggest that our protocol had an antiproteinuric effect, but could not improve kidney survival. Because the effect of steroid therapy to prevent the progression of IgA nephropathy is believed to be linked closely to reduction in urinary protein, an insufficient dose of prednisolone in our protocol may be the reason for the discrepancy between the effect on proteinuria and kidney survival.American Journal of Kidney Diseases 06/2003; 41(5):972-83. · 5.29 Impact Factor