Enhancement of radiation response with bevacizumab

Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research (Impact Factor: 3.27). 04/2012; 31(1):37. DOI: 10.1186/1756-9966-31-37
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a critical role in tumor angiogenesis. Bevacizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that neutralizes VEGF. We examined the impact on radiation response by blocking VEGF signaling with bevacizumab.
Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) growth inhibition and apoptosis were examined by crystal violet assay and flow cytometry, respectively. In vitro HUVEC tube formation and in vivo Matrigel assays were performed to assess the anti-angiogenic effect. Finally, a series of experiments of growth inhibition on head and neck (H&N) SCC1 and lung H226 tumor xenograft models were conducted to evaluate the impact of bevacizumab on radiation response in concurrent as well as sequential therapy.
The anti-angiogenic effect of bevacizumab appeared to derive not only from inhibition of endothelial cell growth (40%) but also by interfering with endothelial cell function including mobility, cell-to-cell interaction and the ability to form capillaries as reflected by tube formation. In cell culture, bevacizumab induced a 2 ~ 3 fold increase in endothelial cell apoptosis following radiation. In both SCC1 and H226 xenograft models, the concurrent administration of bevacizumab and radiation reduced tumor blood vessel formation and inhibited tumor growth compared to either modality alone. We observed a siginificant tumor reduction in mice receiving the combination of bevacizumab and radiation in comparison to mice treated with bevacizumab or radiation alone. We investigated the impact of bevacizumab and radiation treatment sequence on tumor response. In the SCC1 model, tumor response was strongest with radiation followed by bevacizumab with less sequence impact observed in the H226 model.
Overall, these data demonstrate enhanced tumor response when bevacizumab is combined with radiation, supporting the emerging clinical investigations that are combining anti-angiogenic therapies with radiation.

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Available from: Shyhmin Huang, Apr 15, 2014
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    • "The pro-angiogenic factor VEGF is a crucial gene involved in angiogenesis that is strongly induced by hypoxia. Anti-angiogenic therapy, for example by using anti- VEGF monoclonal antibodies such as bevacizumab, can result in a reduction of tumour vascularisation, but counter-intuitively also in normalisation of the aberrant tumour vasculature, thereby improving oxygenation and blood flow that could enhance the efficacy of radiation [7] [8]. However, VEGF can also be upregulated in an oxygen-independent manner. "
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