Reproductive outcomes in women with classic bladder exstrophy: an observational cross-sectional study
ABSTRACT We sought to examine the reproductive outcomes of 52 women with classical bladder exstrophy.
This was an observational study with cross-sectional and retrospective arms.
The average age of the sample was 33 years (range, 17-63). Of those who had tried, 19/38 (66%) had conceived. A total of 57 pregnancies (3 sets of twins) were reported for the 19 patients and resulted in 34/57 live births (56%), 21/57 miscarriages (35%), 1/57 (2%) termination, and 4/57 (7%) stillbirths or neonatal deaths. Four deliveries resulted in major complications including 1 transection of the ureter (4%), 1 fistula formation (4%), and 2 postpartum hemorrhages (8%). There were 2 admissions to intensive care, one for urinary sepsis and another for massive obstetric hemorrhage.
Fertility is impaired in women with bladder exstrophy. Pregnancy is high risk both for the mother and baby. Delivery should be at a tertiary referral obstetric unit with urology cover. In the majority of cases planned cesarean section is the most appropriate mode of delivery.
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ABSTRACT: Cloacal anomalies occur when failure of the urogenital septum to separate the cloacal membrane results in the urethra, vagina, rectum and anus opening into a single common channel. The reported incidence is 1:50,000 live births. Short-term paediatric outcomes of surgery are well reported and survival into adulthood is now usual, but long-term outcome data are less comprehensive. Chronic renal failure is reported to occur in 50 % of patients with cloacal anomalies, and 26-72 % (dependant on the length of the common channel) of patients experience urinary incontinence in adult life. Defaecation is normal in 53 % of patients, with some managed by methods other than surgery, including medication, washouts, stoma and antegrade continent enema. Gynaecological anomalies are common and can necessitate reconstructive surgery at adolescence for menstrual obstruction. No data are currently available on sexual function and little on the quality of life. Pregnancy is extremely rare and highly risky. Patient care should be provided by a multidisciplinary team with experience in managing these and other related complex congenital malformations. However, there is an urgent need for a well-planned, collaborative multicentre prospective study on the urological, gastrointestinal and gynaecological aspects of this rare group of complex conditions.Pediatric Nephrology 09/2014; 30(5). DOI:10.1007/s00467-014-2875-7 · 2.88 Impact Factor
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