Reproductive outcomes in women with classic bladder exstrophy: an observational cross-sectional study.
ABSTRACT We sought to examine the reproductive outcomes of 52 women with classical bladder exstrophy.
This was an observational study with cross-sectional and retrospective arms.
The average age of the sample was 33 years (range, 17-63). Of those who had tried, 19/38 (66%) had conceived. A total of 57 pregnancies (3 sets of twins) were reported for the 19 patients and resulted in 34/57 live births (56%), 21/57 miscarriages (35%), 1/57 (2%) termination, and 4/57 (7%) stillbirths or neonatal deaths. Four deliveries resulted in major complications including 1 transection of the ureter (4%), 1 fistula formation (4%), and 2 postpartum hemorrhages (8%). There were 2 admissions to intensive care, one for urinary sepsis and another for massive obstetric hemorrhage.
Fertility is impaired in women with bladder exstrophy. Pregnancy is high risk both for the mother and baby. Delivery should be at a tertiary referral obstetric unit with urology cover. In the majority of cases planned cesarean section is the most appropriate mode of delivery.