Reproductive outcomes in women with classic bladder exstrophy: an observational cross-sectional study.
ABSTRACT We sought to examine the reproductive outcomes of 52 women with classical bladder exstrophy.
This was an observational study with cross-sectional and retrospective arms.
The average age of the sample was 33 years (range, 17-63). Of those who had tried, 19/38 (66%) had conceived. A total of 57 pregnancies (3 sets of twins) were reported for the 19 patients and resulted in 34/57 live births (56%), 21/57 miscarriages (35%), 1/57 (2%) termination, and 4/57 (7%) stillbirths or neonatal deaths. Four deliveries resulted in major complications including 1 transection of the ureter (4%), 1 fistula formation (4%), and 2 postpartum hemorrhages (8%). There were 2 admissions to intensive care, one for urinary sepsis and another for massive obstetric hemorrhage.
Fertility is impaired in women with bladder exstrophy. Pregnancy is high risk both for the mother and baby. Delivery should be at a tertiary referral obstetric unit with urology cover. In the majority of cases planned cesarean section is the most appropriate mode of delivery.
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ABSTRACT: Complex congenital urological anomalies often necessitate ongoing clinical and surgical management as patients reach adulthood and beyond. However, adolescent and lifelong care of such conditions is a relatively new urological specialty, and approaches to transitional health care require further development. Thus, although literature relating to the use of such approaches in urology are lacking, we are able to draw upon experience of models from other specialties. Urological anomalies might complicate an individual's development, particularly during adolescence, which represents a time of rapid and considerable change in most aspects of life. During this period, increased independence and responsibility, necessitating a shift from parent-driven to patient-driven care, and the desire to develop important and intimate social relationships can affect a patient's ability to cope with, and manage, disease. These factors also influence the ability of health-care providers to deliver adequate treatment. In particular, consideration of the effect of a condition or its treatment on the patient's capacity to live a normal life is important. A multidisciplinary approach is essential to overcoming these issues. Furthermore, diagnostic and treatment registries, as well as an increase in the number of adult-focused urologists willing to participate in the transition of patients from paediatric to adult care, are needed to enable provision of optimal patient care for the future.Nature Reviews Urology 04/2014; · 4.79 Impact Factor
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