The relationship between body dysmorphic disorder behaviors and the acquired capability for suicide.
ABSTRACT In a sample of 200 individuals diagnosed with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), we utilized the interpersonal-psychological theory for suicide as a framework to examine BDD behaviors that might be associated with suicide risk, insofar as they might increase the acquired capability for suicide. We predicted that physically painful BDD behaviors (e.g., cosmetic surgery, restrictive eating) would be associated with suicide attempts but not suicide-related ideation because these behaviors increase capability for, but not thoughts about, suicide. Our hypothesis was partially confirmed, as BDD-related restrictive food intake was associated with suicide attempts (but not suicide-related ideation) even after controlling for numerous covariates.
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work 08/2014; 33(3-4):300-316. DOI:10.1080/15426432.2014.930633
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ABSTRACT: Which factors distinguish suicide attempters from suicide ideators is a relatively neglected question in suicidology. Data from the 2001 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, encompassing 1,439 youth suicide ideators and 1,097 attempters, was used to explore which factors best differentiate suicide attempters from ideators, with a focus on violence involvement. Measures of violence include the contexts of fights, dating, and weapons carrying. Controls were incorporated for psychiatric disorders, risky sexual behavior, school integration, and demographics. Controlling for the other variables, violence differentiated attempts from ideation: fighting (OR = 2.18) and weapon carrying (OR = 1.13). Psychiatric factors that predicted attempts over ideation included major depression (OR = 1.86), use of cocaine (OR = 2.34), and having a suicide plan (OR = 2.69), while demographic factors included gender, age, residence in the Midwest, and Hispanic, African American, or Asian ethnicity. A supplementary analysis (N = 11,546) determined that violence also helped to differentiate suicide ideators from nonsuicidal youth. Four factors (including violence involvement, eating disorders, and gender consistently) differentiated both between suicide attempts and ideation, and also between suicide ideators and nonsuicidal youth. The link between violence involvement and suicidality is interpreted in terms of the capability for suicide from the interpersonal theory of suicide.Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 08/2013; 44(1). DOI:10.1111/sltb.12054 · 1.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We investigated longitudinal relationships among eating disorder behaviors, stoicism, and the acquired capability for suicide (ACS), which is a construct comprised of pain tolerance and fearlessness about death. University students (n=1150) completed assessments measuring stoicism, ACS, and eating disorder behaviors at two time points approximately 30days apart. Among women, there was a quadratic relationship between ACS and over-exercise behaviors, such that as ACS increased the positive association between ACS and over-exercise became more pronounced. Further, among women, ACS moderated the relationship between stoicism and over-exercise, such that high levels of ACS in combination with stoicism predicted increases in over-exercise. Results suggest that ACS in combination with stoicism may lead women to engage in more eating disordered behaviors, like over-exercise. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Eating Behaviors 12/2014; 17C:77-82. DOI:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2014.12.010 · 1.58 Impact Factor