Management of non-small cell lung cancer with oligometastasis.
ABSTRACT Patients with oligometastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) present a potential opportunity for curative therapy; however, the challenge remains the definitive treatment of their localized disease and ablation of their limited overt metastatic sites of disease. In selecting patients with oligometastatic NSCLC for definitive therapy, proper staging through radiographic studies, including PET and brain MRI, and the pathologic staging of the mediastinal lymph nodes and potential sites of metastatic disease, are critical. With that in mind, the available literature suggests that in highly selected patients with solitary metastases to the brain, adrenals and other organs, long term survival may be achieved with combined definitive therapy of both the primary lung tumor and the solitary metastatic site.
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ABSTRACT: Combined resection of primary non-small-cell lung cancer and single brain metastasis is reportedly superior to other treatments in prolonging survival and disease-free interval. To identify prognostic factors that influenced survival we reviewed clinical records and follow-up data of 52 consecutive patients with non-small-cell lung cancer and single brain metastasis who had been evaluated for combined lung and brain operation: 19 had synchronous and 33 metachronous non-small-cell lung cancer and single brain metastasis. Seven patients were excluded from combined operation because of either early brain relapse after craniotomy or single brain metastasis localization in deep brain structures. Forty-one of the 45 patients who underwent combined operation had complete remission of neurologic symptoms. Actuarial 5-year survival from the second surgical intervention was 16% (median 19 months, range 1 to 104 months). N0 status and lobectomy were the only variables associated with longer survival. Actuarial 5-year survivals in patients with synchronous and metachronous presentation were 6.6% and 19%, respectively. In patients with metachronous presentation the length of survival was significantly associated with N0 status, lobectomy, and interval between lung and brain operation equal to or longer than 14.5 months. The subset of patients with N0 status and interval between operations longer than 14.5 months had a 61% 5-year survival. None of the patients with N1-2 disease and shorter interval between operations was alive at 20 months. These data indicate that prognostic factors may help to identify subsets of patients with markedly different outcomes after combined lung and brain operation.Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 08/1996; 112(1):146-53. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Most patients treated for single or multiple brain metastases die from progression of extracranial tumor activity. This makes it uncertain whether the combination of neurosurgery and radiotherapy for treatment of single brain metastasis will lead to better results than less invasive treatment with radiotherapy alone. The effect of neurosurgical excision plus radiotherapy was compared with radiotherapy alone in a prospectively randomized trial with 63 evaluable patients with systemic cancer and a radiological diagnosis of single brain metastasis. Radiotherapy was given to the whole brain by a novel scheme of 2 fractions per day of each 2 Gy for a total of 40 Gy. Before randomization, patients were stratified by site (lung cancer vs nonlung cancer) and status of extracranial disease (progressive vs stable). Survival as such and functionally independent survival (FIS; defined as World Health Organization performance status < or = 1 and neurological function < or = 1) were compared between both treatment arms. The combined treatment compared with radiotherapy alone led to a longer survival (p = 0.04) and a longer FIS (p = 0.06). This was most pronounced in patients with stable extracranial disease (median survival, 12 vs 7 mo; median FIS, 9 vs 4 mo). Patients with progressive extracranial cancer had a median overall survival of 5 months and a FIS of 2.5 months irrespective of given treatment. Improvement in functional status occurred more rapidly and for longer periods of time after neurosurgical excision and radiotherapy than after radiotherapy alone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)Annals of Neurology 06/1993; 33(6):583-90. · 11.19 Impact Factor
Article: Oligometastases.Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/1995; 13(1):8-10. · 18.04 Impact Factor