Infectious Complications Associated With the Use of Acellular Dermal Matrix in Implant-Based Bilateral Breast Reconstruction
ABSTRACT The use of acellular dermal matrix (ADM) has become a routine practice in implant-based breast reconstruction. Bilateral mastectomy is becoming more popular in cases of unilateral breast cancer. ADM has been associated with an increased incidence of complications.
We identified cases of bilateral implant-based breast reconstruction over a 5-year period. Data collection included medical comorbities, details of operative management, and details of postoperative cancer treatment.
On univariate analysis, the use of ADM (31% vs. 7%, P = 0.018), smoking (37% vs. 13%, P = 0.045), and open wound (55% vs. 13%, P = 0.006) were significantly associated with increased risk of infection. Multivariate analysis revealed open wound as the strongest predictor of infection.
The use of ADM is associated with an increased risk of infection in bilateral implant-based breast reconstruction. However, it does not appear to be an independent risk factor by itself.
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ABSTRACT: There is scant literature regarding a recently identified clinical entity termed red breast syndrome. Its clinical presentation has been described as a non-infectious, self-limited erythema of a post-mastectomy breast reconstructed using acellular dermal matrix. Its incidence, risk factors, pathophysiology, clinical course, management, and long-term sequelae are largely unknown. We present a review of the available literature on this phenomenon and highlight some opportunities for further research. This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 01/2015; 39(2). DOI:10.1007/s00266-014-0444-x · 1.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A large number of clinical studies have reported that the different materials used in breast implants were a possible cause of the different incidence rates of capsular contracture observed in patients after implantation. However, this theory lacks comprehensive support from evidence-based medicine, and considerable controversy remains. In this study, a cumulative systematic review examined breast augmentation that used implants with textured or smooth surfaces to analyze the effects of these two types of implants on the occurrence of postoperative capsular contracture. We conducted a comprehensive search of literature databases, including PubMed and EMBASE, for clinical reports on the incidence of capsular contracture after the implantation of breast prostheses. We performed a cumulative meta-analysis on the incidence of capsular contracture in order from small to large sample sizes and conducted subgroup analyses according to the prosthetic material used, the implant pocket placement, the incision type and the duration of follow-up. Relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used as the final pooled statistics. This meta-analysis included 16 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and two retrospective studies. The cumulative comparison of textured and smooth breast implants showed statistical significance at 2.13 (95% CI, 1.18-3.86) when the fourth study was entered into the analysis. With the inclusion of more reports, the final results indicated that smooth breast implants were more likely to be associated with capsular contracture, with statistical significance at 3.10 (95% CI, 2.23-4.33). In the subgroup analyses, the subgroups based on implant materials included the silicone implant group and the saline implant group, with significant pooled statistical levels of 4.05 (95% CI, 1.97-8.31) and 3.12 (95% CI, 2.19-4.42), respectively. According to implant pocket placement, a subglandular group and a submuscular group were included in the analyses, and only the subglandular group had a statistically significant pooled result of 3.59 (95% CI, 2.43-5.30). Four subgroups were included in the analyses according to incision type: the inframammary incision group, the periareolar incision group, the transaxillary incision group and the mastectomy incision group. Among these groups, only the pooled results of the inframammary and mastectomy incision groups were statistically significant, at 2.82 (95% CI, 1.30-6.11) and 2.30 (95% CI, 1.17-4.50), respectively. Three follow-up duration subgroups were included in the analyses: the one-year group, the two- to three-year group and the ≥five-year group. These subgroups had statistically significant results of 4.67 (95% CI, 2.35-9.28), 3.42 (95% CI, 2.26-5.16) and 2.71 (95% CI, 1.64-4.49), respectively. In mammaplasty, the use of textured implants reduces the incidence of postoperative capsular contracture. Differences in implant pocket placement and incision type are also likely to affect the incidence of capsular contracture; however, this conclusion awaits further study.PLoS ONE 02/2015; 10(2):e0116071. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0116071 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Recent evidence suggests that the use of acellular dermal matrices in prosthetic breast reconstruction, revision, or augmentation may be associated with an increased risk of complications. In this article we report our results of a potential alternative, using a new long-term resorbable synthetic matrix in these cases. A retrospective study was performed evaluating 11 primary breast reconstructions (19 breasts), 43 secondary reconstructions (77 breasts), 3 augmentation/augmentation mastopexys (6 breasts), and 5 mastopexys (10 breasts) in 62 patients using TIGR(®) Matrix Surgical Mesh. Follow-up ranged from 9.4 to 26.1 months with an average follow-up of 16.5 months. Average age was 54 years. The number of patients who had prior radiation was 9 (14.5 %). Four patients (6.5 %) were smokers. Postoperative breast complications included necrosis of two flaps (1.8 %), two seromas requiring drainage (1.8 %), four infection/extrusions (3.6 %), two relapses of inframammary fold/malposition (1.8 %), and two with rippling (1.8 %). Other complications included six cases of asymmetry that required a corrective procedure. In a variety of breast surgery cases very good aesthetic results were achieved. The long-term absorbable synthetic matrix, TIGR(®) Matrix Surgical Mesh, shows potential when used as temporary reinforcement in patients undergoing breast reconstruction or breast surgery revisions and in primary aesthetic procedures, and it appears to be a viable alternative to the use of acellular dermal matrices. This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors http://www.springer.com/00266 .Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 07/2013; 37(5). DOI:10.1007/s00266-013-0171-8 · 1.19 Impact Factor