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Energy Conservation in Ethanol-Water Distillation Column with Vapour Recompression Heat Pump

In book: Distillation - Advances from Modeling to Applications
Source: InTech
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    ABSTRACT: Vapour recompression system has been used to enhance reduction in energy consumption and improvement in energy effectiveness of distillation columns. However, the effects of certain parameters have not been taken into consideration. One of such parameters is the column heat loss which has either been assumed to be a certain percent of reboiler heat transfer or negligible. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the heat loss from an ethanol-water vapour recompression distillation column with pressure increase across the compressor (VRCAS) and compare the results obtained and its effect on some parameters in similar system (VRCCS) where the column heat loss has been assumed or neglected. Results show that the heat loss evaluated was higher when compared with that obtained for the column VRCCS. The results also showed that increase in heat loss could have significant effect on the total energy consumption, reboiler heat transfer, the number of trays and energy effectiveness of the column.
    International Conference on Thermal Engineering (World Academy of Science, Engineering & Technology, WASET), Amsterdam, The Netherlands; 09/2010

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May 20, 2014