Recalling yesterday and predicting tomorrow

School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia
Cognitive Development (Impact Factor: 1.73). 07/2005; 20:362-372. DOI: 10.1016/j.cogdev.2005.05.002
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    ABSTRACT: Cooperation can be maintained if individuals reciprocate favors over repeated interactions. However, it is not known when during development the psychological capacities to engage in contingent reciprocation emerge. Therefore, we tested when children begin to differentiate between reciprocal and nonreciprocal interactions in their resource sharing. We compared the sharing behavior of 3- and 5-year-olds in two situations. In an experimental condition, the child and a puppet partner alternated the roles of donor and recipient. In a control condition, the puppet had no opportunity to reciprocate. Results showed that 5-year-olds, but not 3-year-olds, increased their sharing toward a potential reciprocator. In addition, we found that children's ability to delay gratification was positively related to their tendency to share in both conditions. These findings show that reciprocity in anticipation of repeated interactions emerges during middle childhood. Moreover, our results highlight the importance of the ability to delay gratification as a prerequisite for children's sharing. We discuss how children's emerging cognitive abilities enable reciprocal sharing in situations where a child must react to or anticipate a partner's behavior.
    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 09/2014; 129C:40-54. DOI:10.1016/j.jecp.2014.08.007 · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The following review attempts to bring together two converging areas of research: mental time travel (MTT) and sensory cuing. Based on the literature presented here stating an overlap in the underlying neural networks involved in MTT, one could hypothesize that the cuing of future projections will have results similar to the cuing of past memories. Alternatively, based on the sensory cuing literature and more recent behavioral findings within MTT, predictions could be made involving the interaction effects produced when directly examining different cuing techniques. A brief overview is given of both literatures before converging on a more recent study examining the effects of different cuing techniques on MTT.
    Nordic psychology 06/2013; 65(2):120-136. DOI:10.1080/19012276.2013.807660 · 0.18 Impact Factor