A Novel Dual-Color Reporter for Identifying Insulin-Producing Beta- Cells and Classifying Heterogeneity of Insulinoma Cell Lines
ABSTRACT Many research studies use immortalized cell lines as surrogates for primary beta- cells. We describe the production and use of a novel "indirect" dual-fluorescent reporter system that leads to mutually exclusive expression of EGFP in insulin-producing (INS(+)) beta-cells or mCherry in non-beta-cells. Our system uses the human insulin promoter to initiate a Cre-mediated shift in reporter color within a single transgene construct and is useful for FACS selection of cells from single cultures for further analysis. Application of our reporter to presumably clonal HIT-T15 insulinoma cells, as well as other presumably clonal lines, indicates that these cultures are in fact heterogeneous with respect to INS(+) phenotype. Our strategy could be easily applied to other cell- or tissue-specific promoters. We anticipate its utility for FACS purification of INS(+) and glucose-responsive beta-like-cells from primary human islet cell isolates or in vitro differentiated pluripotent stem cells.
SourceAvailable from: Michael Delannoy[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Three pancreatic beta-cell lines have been established from insulinomas derived from transgenic mice carrying a hybrid insulin-promoted simian virus 40 tumor antigen gene. The beta tumor cell (beta TC) lines maintain the features of differentiated beta cells for about 50 passages in culture. The cells produce both proinsulin I and II and efficiently process each into mature insulin, in a manner comparable to normal beta cells in isolated islets. Electron microscopy reveals typical beta-cell type secretory granules, in which insulin is stored. Insulin secretion is inducible up to 30-fold by glucose, although with a lower threshold for maximal stimulation than that for normal beta cells. beta TC lines can be repeatedly derived from primary beta-cell tumors that heritably arise in the transgenic mice. Thus, targeted expression of an oncogene with a cell-specific regulatory element can be used both to immortalize a rare cell type and to provide a selection for the maintenance of its differentiated phenotype.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 01/1989; 85(23):9037-41. DOI:10.1073/pnas.85.23.9037 · 9.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cell line IgSV195, derived from a pancreatic tumor that arose in an SV40 T-antigen transgenic mouse, retains certain morphological and physiological characteristics of pancreatic beta-cells throughout in vitro and in vivo passage. Insulin secretion is stimulated by exposure of these cells to fetal bovine serum and a combination of 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine and glutamine but not by concentrations of glucose in the physiological range. Insulin processing appears to be intact. Neither class I nor class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens are routinely expressed at the cell surface; however, MHC class I--but not class II--encoded gene products are detected after treatment with recombinant interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) alone or in combination with tumor necrosis factor. Cytolysis of IgSV195 cells by SV40 T-antigen-specific H-2b-restricted lymphocytes is similarly dependent on IFN-gamma pretreatment. These results emphasize that SV40 T-antigen transgenic mice are likely sources of cell lines that retain their differentiated function in vitro. The IgSV195 cell line provides an accessible model in which to investigate the control of gene expression and function of pancreatic beta-cells.Diabetes 09/1989; 38(8):1056-62. DOI:10.2337/diabetes.38.8.1056 · 8.47 Impact Factor
Article: Pancreatic cell lines: a review.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer has an extremely poor prognosis and lacks early diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities, mainly because of its silent course and explosive fatal outcome. The histogenesis of the disease and early biochemical and genetic alterations surrounding carcinogenesis are still controversial. In vitro studies offer a useful tool to study physiologic, pathophysiologic, differentiation, and transformation processes of cells and to understand some of these shortcomings. The extreme difficulties in isolating individual pancreatic cells and their purification by maintaining their native characteristics have limited research in this area. This review is intended to present and discuss the current availability of rodent and pancreatic cell lines, their differences as well as the difficulties, limitations, and characteristics of these cultured cells. Discussed are in vitro models; ductal, islet, and acinar cell culture; cell differentiation; cell transformation, including genetic and chromosomal alterations; as well as tumor cell markers. Also addressed are the advantages and problems associated with the cell culture in humans and rodents. Advancements in tissue culture technique and molecular biology offer steady progress in this important line of research. The improved methods not only promise the establishment of beta-cell cultures for the treatment of diabetes, but also for studying sequential genetic alterations during pancreatic carcinogenesis and in understanding the tumor cell origin.Pancreas 04/2002; 24(2):111-20. DOI:10.1097/00006676-200203000-00001 · 3.01 Impact Factor