2,3,4,5-Tetraphenylsilole-based conjugated polymers: synthesis, optical properties, and as sensors for explosive compounds.
ABSTRACT A series of linear 2,5-tetraphenylsilole-vinylene-type polymers were successfully synthesized for the first time. The tetraphenylsilole moieties were linked at their 2,5-positions through a vinylene bridge with p-dialkoxybenzenes to obtain polymer PSVB and with 3,6-carbazole to obtain polymer PSVC. For comparison, 2,5-tetraphenylsilole-ethyne-type polymer PSEB was also synthesized, in which the vinylene bridge of PSVB was replaced with an ethyne bridge. Very interestingly, the bridging group (vinylene or ethyne) had a significant effect on the photophysical properties of the corresponding polymers. The fluorescence peak of PSEB at 504 nm in solution originated from the emission of its silole moieties, whereas PSVB and PSVC emitted yellow light and no blueish-green emission from the silole moieties was observed, thus demonstrating that the emissions of PSVB and PSVC were due to their polymer backbones. More importantly, the 2,5-tetraphenylsilole-ethyne polymer exhibited a pronounced aggregation-enhanced emission (AEE) effect but the 2,5-tetraphenylsilole-vinylene polymer was AEE-inactive. Moreover, both AEE-active 2,5-tetraphenylsilole-ethyne polymer and AEE-inactive 2,5-tetraphenylsilole-vinylene polymers were successfully applied as fluorescent chemosensors for the detection of explosive compounds.
- Journal of the American Chemical Society 07/2007; 129(22):6978-9. · 10.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A series of gradient pi-conjugated dendrimers and their corresponding models based on 5,5,10,10,15,15-hexahexyltruxene moieties as nodes and oligo(thienylene vinylene) (OTVs) units with different lengths as branching arms are synthesized in good yields through Wittig-Horner reactions. All new compounds are fully characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and MALDI-TOF MS or ESI-MS. Investigation of their photophysical properties reveals that the gradient dendritic scaffold not only results in a higher molar absorption coefficient and broader absorption region than those of their corresponding model compounds, but also improves the PL quantum yields relative to the corresponding OTVs. The suitable HOMO and LUMO levels as well as excellent film forming properties make these molecules potential candidates for organic solar cells. Solution-processed bulk heterojunction solar cells using these dendrimers as donor and [6,6]-phenyl-C(61) butyric acid methyl ester as acceptor are prepared and tested. The power conversion efficiency of the devices based on G0-4-2 is 0.40 % under illumination of air mass 1.5 and 100 mW cm(-2). This is the highest record value for OTV-based materials to date. Although the absorption band of dendrimer G0-4-2 is much narrower than that of poly(3-hexylthienylene vinylene) (P3HTV), the efficiency of its solar cell device is almost twice that of the device based on P3HTV. This result shows clearly the advantage of gradient dendritic structures as active materials for photovoltaic cells.Chemistry - An Asian Journal 11/2009; 5(1):105-13. · 4.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An efficient method is presented for the synthesis of novel donor-acceptor silole chromophores through selective monohalogenation of 2,5-dimetallosiloles followed by Negishi alkyne cross-coupling reactions. The electronic properties and crystal packing of these new siloles can be controlled through judicious combinations of peripheral functional groups.Journal of the American Chemical Society 04/2004; 126(12):3724-5. · 10.68 Impact Factor