Valproic acid affected the survival and invasiveness of human glioma cells through diverse mechanisms.
ABSTRACT The effects of valproic acid (VPA) on the viability, apoptosis, and invasiveness of two glioma cells (A172 and T98G) and the underlying mechanisms were studied. VPA induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis, and suppressed the invasiveness of both cells. VPA increased the activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in A172 cells, but decreased it in T98G cells. siRNA blockade of reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK) expression partially reversed VPA-mediated effects in T98G cells, but had no effect on A172 cells. VPA increased the expression of phospho-JNK1 and phospho-ERK1/2 in A172 cells, but decreased it in T98G cells. Inhibition of JNK1 and/or ERK1/2 partially reversed the VPA effects in A172 cells. In conclusion, the effects of VPA (loss of viability, increased apoptosis, and decreased invasiveness) are, at least partly, mediated through the RECK-MMPs pathway in T98G cells and the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways in A172 cells. The action of VPA seems to be cell type-specific in glioma cells.
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ABSTRACT: Valproic acid (VPA) is a well-tolerated drug that is used to treat seizure disorders and that has recently been shown to inhibit histone deacetylase. The present study investigated the effects of VPA on the radiosensitization of the rat C6 glioma cell line in vitro. To select an appropriate treatment concentration and time, MTT and flow cytometry assays were performed to measure the inhibitory effects of VPA at various concentrations and incubation time-points. The radiosensitizing effect of VPA was determined using clonogenic experiments. VPA- and radiation-induced C6 apoptosis was analyzed using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. Cell proliferation was significantly inhibited by VPA in a time- and dose-dependent manner (P<0.05). VPA enhanced radiation-induced C6 cell death and there was clear inhibition of clonogenic formation [sensitizer enhancement ratio (SER), 1.30]. This effect was closely associated with the concentration of VPA. VPA treatment decreased the mRNA and protein levels of Bcl-2, whereas increased changes were detected with Bax. At a concentration of 0.5 mmol/l, VPA had a low toxicity and enhanced the radiosensitization of the C6 cells. VPA may radiosensitize glioma cells by inhibiting cellular proliferation and inducing apoptosis by regulating apoptosis-related molecular changes.Oncology letters 01/2014; 7(1):203-208. · 0.24 Impact Factor
- Journal of Neuro-Oncology 04/2013; · 3.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma is a pediatric oncologic disease with dismal prognosis and no effective treatment. Since 2007, our patients have been using valproic acid as prophylactic anticonvulsant. We have undertaken a retrospective study in order to evaluate the influence of valproate in the outcomes of children with this disease in our center. Patients were treated with weekly carboplatin and vincristine and received conformal radiotherapy, either concurrent or sequential. Event-free survival and overall survival of patients not treated with valproic acid were 6.5 and 7.8 months. Accelerated failure time model (a parametric multivariate regression test for time-to-failure data) showed a statistically significant superiority of the median event-free survival of treated patients (6.5 vs. 9.5 months in treated patients; HR 0.54-95 % CI 0.33-0.87; p < 0.05) and also of overall survival (7.8 vs. 13.4 months in treated patients; HR 0.60-95 % CI 0.37-0.98; p = 0.05).Journal of Neuro-Oncology 11/2013; · 3.12 Impact Factor