Transduced Tat-DJ-1 protein protects against oxidative stress-induced SH-SY5Y cell death and Parkinson disease in a mouse model.
ABSTRACT Parkinson's disease (PD) is a well known neurodegenerative disorder characterized by selective loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compact (SN). Although the exact mechanism remains unclear, oxidative stress plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of PD. DJ-1 is a multifunctional protein, a potent antioxidant and chaperone, the loss of function of which is linked to the autosomal recessive early onset of PD. Therefore, we investigated the protective effects of DJ-1 protein against SH-SY5Y cells and in a PD mouse model using a cell permeable Tat-DJ-1 protein. Tat-DJ-1 protein rapidly transduced into the cells and showed a protective effect on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced neuronal cell death by reducing the reactive oxygen species (ROS). In addition, we found that Tat-DJ-1 protein protects against dopaminergic neuronal cell death in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6,-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced PD mouse models. These results suggest that Tat-DJ-1 protein provides a potential therapeutic strategy for against ROS related human diseases including PD.