Article

Homelessness and Children's Use of Mental Health Services: A Population-Based Study.

School of Social Work, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Children and Youth Services Review (Impact Factor: 1.27). 01/2012; 34(1):261-265. DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.10.022
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study examined whether children who become homeless differ from other low-income children in their mental health service use before and after their first homeless episode, and to what extent homelessness is associated with an increased likelihood of mental health service use. Differences between children with and without new onset of sheltered homelessness in the use of mental health services emerged following homelessness and widened over time. Sheltered homelessness and foster care placement history were associated with increased odds of receiving inpatient and ambulatory mental health services. Findings underscore the importance of collaborations between homeless assistance, foster care, and mental healthcare in efforts to mitigate family homelessness and collateral needs among homeless children.

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    ABSTRACT: Family homelessness emerged as a major social and public health problem in the United States during the 1980s. We reviewed the literature, including journal articles, news stories, and government reports that described conditions associated with family homelessness, the scope of the problem, and the health and mental health of homeless children and families. Much of this literature was published during the 1980s and 1990s. This raises questions about its continued applicability for the public health community. We concluded that descriptions of the economic conditions and public policies associated with family homelessness are still relevant; however, the homeless family population has changed over time. Family homelessness has become more prevalent and pervasive among poor and low-income families. We provided public health recommendations for these homeless families. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print October 22, 2013: e1-e10. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301618).
    American Journal of Public Health 10/2013; 103. DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301618 · 3.93 Impact Factor

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