NK-1 receptor antagonists: a new generation of anticancer drugs.
ABSTRACT After binding to the neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor, substance P (SP) induces tumor cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and the migration of tumor cells for invasion and metastasis. After binding to NK-1 receptors, NK-1 receptor antagonists inhibit tumor cell proliferation, angiogenesis and the migration of tumor cells. These antagonists are broad-spectrum antitumor drugs. In addition, in the host they display beneficial effects: anxiolytic, antiemetic, neuroprotector, nephroprotector, hepatoprotector, antiinflammatory and analgesic. In combination therapy with classic cytostatics, NK-1 receptor antagonists have synergic effects and minimize the side-effects of these classic drugs. Thus, NK-1 receptor antagonists could offer a new and promising generation of anticancer drugs.
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ABSTRACT: It has been demonstrated that certain NK-1 antagonists could reduce proliferation of several cancer cell lines, however, it is unknown whether SR140333 exerts proliferation inhibition in breast cancer cell line. Immunohistochemical staining was carried out to investigate the immunolocation of NK-1 in breast cancer tissues and T47D cell line, thereafter, various concentrations of [Sar9, Met(O2)11]substance P and SR140333 were applied alone or combined. MTT assay was applied to detect cytoactivation and coulter counter was to detect growth curve. The Hoechst33258 staining was performed to detect apoptosis. We found that breast cancer and T47D cells bear positive expression of NK-1. SR140333 inhibited cell growth in a dose dependent manner. Furthermore, SR140333 could counteract [Sar9, Met(O2)11]substance P induced proliferation. Hoechst33258 staining revealed the presence of apoptosis after SR140333 treatment. Our study demonstrated SR140333 exert proliferation inhibition in breast cancer cell line T47D and indicates NK-1 play a central role in the substance P related cell proliferation in breast cancer.Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 05/2010; 29(1):55. DOI:10.1186/1756-9966-29-55 · 3.27 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This To improve prognosis in recurrent glioblastoma we developed a treatment protocol based on a combination of drugs not traditionally thought of as cytotoxic chemotherapy agents but that have a robust history of being well-tolerated and are already marketed and used for other non-cancer indications. Focus was on adding drugs which met these criteria: a) were pharmacologically well characterized, b) had low likelihood of adding to patient side effect burden, c) had evidence for interfering with a recognized, well-characterized growth promoting element of glioblastoma, and d) were coordinated, as an ensemble had reasonable likelihood of concerted activity against key biological features of glioblastoma growth. We found nine drugs meeting these criteria and propose adding them to continuous low dose temozolomide, a currently accepted treatment for relapsed glioblastoma, in patients with recurrent disease after primary treatment with the Stupp Protocol. The nine adjuvant drug regimen, Coordinated Undermining of Survival Paths, CUSP9, then are aprepitant, artesunate, auranofin, captopril, copper gluconate, disulfiram, ketoconazole, nelfinavir, sertraline, to be added to continuous low dose temozolomide. We discuss each drug in turn and the specific rationale for use- how each drug is expected to retard glioblastoma growth and undermine glioblastoma’s compensatory mechanisms engaged during temozolomide treatment. The risks of pharmacological interactions and why we believe this drug mix will increase both quality of life and overall survival are reviewed. Oncotarget 2 www.impactjournals.com/oncotarget Preamble: ecce turtur. ipse proficit tantum con collum foras.Oncotarget 04/2013; 4(4). · 6.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Central and sympathetic nervous systems govern functional activities of many organs. Solid tumors like organs are also innervated by sympathetic nerve fibers. Neurotransmitters released from sympathetic nerve fibers can modulate biological behaviors of tumor cells. Multiple physiologic processes of tumor development may be dominated by central and sympathetic nervous systems as well. Recent studies suggest that dysfunction of central and sympathetic nervous systems and disorder of the hormone network induced by psychological stress may influence malignant progression of cancer by inhibiting the functions of immune system, regulating metabolic reprogramming of tumor cells, and inducing interactions between tumor and stromal cells. Over-release of inflammatory cytokines by tumors may aggravate emotional disorder, triggering the vicious cycles in tumor microenvironment and host macroenvironment. It is reasonable to hypothesize that cancer progression may be controlled by central and sympathetic nervous systems. In this review, we will focus on the recent information about the impacts of central and sympathetic nervous systems on tumor invasion and metastasis.CANCER AND METASTASIS REVIEW 05/2013; 32(3-4). DOI:10.1007/s10555-013-9440-x · 6.45 Impact Factor