Cardiovascular risk factors in subjects with psoriasis: a cross-sectional general population study.

Departments of Dermato-Allergology Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Hellerup, Denmark Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Copenhagen University Hospital Glostrup, Glostrup, Denmark.
International journal of dermatology (Impact Factor: 1.23). 04/2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-4632.2011.05408.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Background  Epidemiological data have established an association between cardiovascular disease and psoriasis. Only one general population study has so far compared prevalences of cardiovascular risk factors among subjects with psoriasis and control subjects. We aimed to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in subjects with and without psoriasis in the general population. Methods  During 2006-2008, a cross-sectional study was performed in the general population in Copenhagen, Denmark. A total of 3471 subjects participated in a general health examination that included assessment of current smoking status, weight, height, waist and hip circumferences, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, resting heart rate, and plasma lipids, hemoglobin A1c, fasting glucose, and insulin levels. Results  Physician-diagnosed psoriasis was reported by 238 (7.1%) of 3374 participants. There were no differences between subjects with and without psoriasis with regard to traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Conclusions  Our results contrast with the hitherto-reported increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome in subjects with psoriasis in the general US population. However, our results agree with those of other previous studies in which the association between mild psoriasis and cardiovascular risk factors is often non-significant. Further controlled research is needed to describe the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in subjects with mainly mild to moderate psoriasis in the general population.

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    ABSTRACT: Psoriasis is an inflammatory autoimmune disease that affects the skin. Recently, psoriasis and its consequential lifestyle and dietary habits have been associated with increased risks for cardiovascular diseases. This article discusses the connection between cardiovascular disorders and psoriasis and the effects of available treatment options on cardiovascular risk. A PubMed search revealed 11 articles that were analyzed for information regarding this association, its effects, and potential courses of treatment. Both the presence and severity of psoriasis increases the risk for cardiovascular disorders and co-morbidities. Forty percent of psoriasis patients met metabolic syndrome criteria as compared with 23 % of non-psoriasis control subjects. Rate ratios for atrial fibrillation are correlated with the severity of psoriasis; patients with severe and mild psoriasis produced rate ratios of 1.63 and 1.31, respectively. Studies also show an increase in the risks for myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis, ischemic stroke, and other cardiovascular disorders. The exact mechanisms behind this affiliation are still uncertain; however, the psychological and physiological effects of psoriasis and the overlapping pathogenesis behind atherosclerosis and psoriasis may play a role. Since the risk for cardiovascular disorders increases with the presence and severity of psoriasis, psoriasis treatment should not only address the disease and its symptoms, but also its co-morbidities. Recent National Psoriasis Foundation (NPF) guidelines have provided recommendations for psoriasis patient care. Histories of co-morbidities, screenings for potential diseases, increased exercise, decreased alcohol consumption, and smoking cessation should be implemented. Unfortunately, while there are data for the increased risk for cardiovascular diseases within psoriasis patients, there are presently no data stating that increasing cardiovascular screening rates in patients produces a significant difference.
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May 29, 2014