Direct Space-Time GF(q) LDPC Modulation
ABSTRACT Wireless communication using multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems improves throughput and enhances reliability for a given total transmit power. In this paper, potential performance gains are investigated via a direct Galois field [GF(q)] low-density parity-check (LDPC) space-time coding and modulation scheme. The field order q is chosen such that the number of bits per GF(q) LDPC symbol matches the number of bits per space-time symbol. The result is an elegant coding and decoding scheme that leverages the powerful LDPC iterative decoding technique. Results for 2, 3, and 4 transmitter systems with relatively short block lengths of around 2000 bits are provided, demonstrating frame-error- rate performances as close as 0.5 dB to the probability of outage upper bound.
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ABSTRACT: Wireless communication using multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems enables increased spectral efficiency for a given total transmit power. Increased capacity is achieved by introducing additional spatial channels that are exploited using space-time coding. In this paper, the environmental factors that affect MIMO capacity are surveyed. These factors include channel complexity, external interference, and channel estimation error. The maximum spectral efficiency of MIMO systems in which both transmitter and receiver know the channel (using channel estimate feedback) is compared with MIMO systems in which only the receiver knows the channel. Channel complexity is studied using both simple stochastic physical scattering and asymptotic large random matrix models. Both uncooperative (worst-case) and cooperative (amenable to multiuser detection) interference are considered. An analysis for capacity loss associated with channel estimation error at the transmitter is introduced.IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing 10/2002; · 2.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: It has been established that the appropriate design parameters for space-time trellis code (STTC) in quasi-static flat Rayleigh fading channels are the rank and determinant criteria or the Euclidean distance criterion, depending on the value of the overall diversity gain. We propose two groups of new STTCs with more than two transmit antennas based on these two design criteria, respectively. These new STTCs are shown to achieve large performance improvements over the ones with two transmit antennas.IEEE Communications Letters 03/2002; · 1.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We introduce space-time block coding, a new paradigm for communication over Rayleigh fading channels using multiple transmit antennas. Data is encoded using a space-time block code and the encoded data is split into n streams which are simultaneously transmitted using n transmit antennas. The received signal at each receive antenna is a linear superposition of the n transmitted signals perturbed by noise. Maximum-likelihood decoding is achieved in a simple way through decoupling of the signals transmitted from different antennas rather than joint detection. This uses the orthogonal structure of the space-time block code and gives a maximum-likelihood decoding algorithm which is based only on linear processing at the receiver. Space-time block codes are designed to achieve the maximum diversity order for a given number of transmit and receive antennas subject to the constraint of having a simple decoding algorithm. The classical mathematical framework of orthogonal designs is applied to construct space-time block codes. It is shown that space-time block codes constructed in this way only exist for few sporadic values of n. Subsequently, a generalization of orthogonal designs is shown to provide space-time block codes for both real and complex constellations for any number of transmit antennas. These codes achieve the maximum possible transmission rate for any number of transmit antennas using any arbitrary real constellation such as PAM. For an arbitrary complex constellation such as PSK and QAM, space-time block codes are designed that achieve 1/2 of the maximum possible transmission rate for any number of transmit antennas. For the specific cases of two, three, and four transmit antennas, space-time block codes are designed that achieve, respectively, all, 3/4, and 3/4 of maximum possible transmission rate using arbitrary complex constellations. The best tradeoff between the decoding delay and the number of transmit antennas is also computed and it is shown that many of the codes presented here are optimal in this sense as wellIEEE Transactions on Information Theory 08/1999; · 2.62 Impact Factor