Water Dispersible Fe/Fe-Oxide Core-Shell Structured Nanoparticles for Potential Biomedical Applications
ABSTRACT In this paper, we report the synthesis and characterization of water dispersible core-shell structured Fe/Fe-oxide with average size 13 plusmn1.4 nm and Fe-oxide nanoparticles. Unlike the previously reported different approaches, both types of particles can be synthesized by following the same route with a small variation in the Fe(CO)5 molar concentration and oxygen free environments. The oleate/oleylamine coated nanoparticles were surface modified with tetra-methyl-ammonium-hydroxide (TMAOH) to make them water dispersible. TGA analysis provided direct evidence that TMAOH adds to the surface of the oleic acid and oleylamine coated particles making them well disperse and stable in water as is suggested from the zeta potential measurements also.
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ABSTRACT: The environmental effects and bioavailability of nanoparticulate iron (Fe) to plants are currently unknown. Here, plant bioavailability of synthesized hematite Fe nanoparticles was evaluated using Arabidopsis thaliana (A. thaliana) as a model. Over 56-days of growing wild-type A. thaliana, the nanoparticle-Fe and no-Fe treatments had lower plant biomass, lower chlorophyll concentrations, and lower internal Fe concentrations than the Fe-treatment. Results for the no-Fe and nanoparticle-Fe treatments were consistently similar throughout the experiment. These results suggest that nanoparticles (mean diameter 40.9 nm, range 22.3-67.0 nm) were not taken up and therefore not bioavailable to A. thaliana. Over 14-days growing wild-type and transgenic (Type I/II proton pump overexpression) A. thaliana, the Type I plant grew more than the wild-type in the nanoparticle-Fe treatment, suggesting Type I plants cope better with Fe limitation; however, the nanoparticle-Fe and no-Fe treatments had similar growth for all plant types.Environmental Pollution 12/2012; 174C:150-156. · 3.73 Impact Factor