Self-aided manipulator system for bed-ridden patients - Evaluation of psychological influence for the generated approach motion -
ABSTRACT Rehabilitation robots that are used to assist patients should be able to move naturally and cause no discomfort to the patients. In this study, a self-aided manipulator system that can generate natural motion and assist bed-ridden patients has been developed. The self-aided manipulator is designed so that it can grasp a glass of water from a side table for the patient. The system can detect the starting position (position of the glass) and the target position (position of the patient's lips) by using a video camera. The direction angle of the patient's face is also determined, and approach motions are generated on the basis of these angles. Approach motions are generated by changing the peak velocity time, maximum speed, and detour point position of the manipulator, and the psychological influence on the patient is evaluated on the basis of their heart rate variability (HRV), skin potential response (SPR), and response to questionnaires. The results suggested that a peak velocity time of 75% of the total movement time, a maximum speed of 36 cm/s, and an approach path from the right when the patient's head is facing straight or to the left tended to have the strongest psychological influence on the patient. From these results, it was indicated that the following conditions are preferable for the approach motion of the manipulator: a peak velocity time of approximately 25 to 50% of the total movement time, a maximum speed from 18 to 24 cm/s, and an approach path in the direction in which the head faces.
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ABSTRACT: Diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) often cause motor disabilities through the progressive loss of muscle power. However, some patients must lie horizontally and thus cannot operate a wheelchair. The aim of this study was to develop a robotic stretcher for an SMA patient with severe motor disabilities to enable her to maneuver independently inside a building. The concept underlying the stretcher is that the user should be able to drive the stretcher using an applicable operating device while watching a display feed from cameras mounted on the stretcher. We have developed new devices with an operating algorithm, mechanical frame and control system suitable to the user's limited abilities (motion in only one finger), and verified their functions through tests of a prototype machine operated by the target user.Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligence (URAI), 2013 10th International Conference on; 01/2013
Conference Paper: Rehabilitation robots assisting in walking training for SCI patient[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We have been developing a series of robots to apply for each step of spinal cord injury (SCI) recovery. We describe the preliminary walking pattern assisting robot and the practical walking assisting robot, which will be applied to the incomplete type of SCI to Quadriplegia. The preliminary experimental results are performed by normal subjects to verify the basic functions of the robot assisting and to prepare the test by SCI patients.RO-MAN, 2013 IEEE; 01/2013