Conference Paper

Learning a tissue invariant ultrasound speckle decorrelation model

Centre for Intell. Machines, McGill Univ., Montreal, QC, Canada
DOI: 10.1109/ISBI.2009.5193222 Conference: Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, 2009. ISBI '09. IEEE International Symposium on
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT In untracked freehand 3D ultrasound (US), image content can be used to infer the trajectory of the transducer without a position tracking device. The nominal relationship between image correlation and elevational separation is established from controlled scans of a speckle phantom and used to determine out-of-plane motion. Unfortunately, this nominal relationship only holds under Rayleigh scattering conditions, which rarely occur in real tissue. This paper presents a method for learning the elevational correlation length of US signals in arbitrary tissue from a set of example synthetic US scans using sparse Gaussian process regression. Experiments on synthetic and real imagery of animal tissue show that the data driven approach generalises well across transducers, yielding results of accuracy superior to a base-line speckle detection approach and comparable to the state of the art. Additionally, the new approach uniquely provides a measure of uncertainty in the estimated correlation length.

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    ABSTRACT: In freehand 3D ultrasound, out-of-plane transducer motion can be estimated via speckle decorrelation instead of using a position tracking device. This approach was recently adapted to arbitrary media by predicting elevational decorrelation curves from local image statistics. However, such adaptive models tend to yield biased measurements in the presence of spatially persistent structures. To account for such failures, this paper introduces a new iterative algorithm for probabilistic fusion and selection of correlation measurements. In experiments with imagery of animal tissue, the approach yields significant accuracy improvements over alternatives which do not apply principled measurement selection.
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