Inductive Sensor for Measuring High Frequency Partial Discharges Within Electrical Insulation
ABSTRACT Partial discharges are not only a consequence but a symptom of insulation degradation in electrical equipment. Partial discharges are revealed outside the insulation as very narrow high-frequency pulses that were superimposed to the grid frequency high-level voltages or currents and thus are fairly hard to detect. This paper presents an application of a new inductively coupled sensor that allows these signals to be measured in an accurate inexpensive manner. The sensor model and its frequency and geometry-dependent behavior are studied to increase the probe sensitivity as much as possible. Its measuring capability in real insulation systems that were subjected to high partial discharge activity will be tested.
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ABSTRACT: Partial discharge (PD) detection is a widely extended technique for electrical insulation diagnosis. Ultrahigh-frequency detection techniques appear as a feasible alternative to traditional methods owing to their inherent advantages such as the capability to detect PDs online and to locate the piece of equipment with insulation problems in substations and cables. In this paper, four antennas are thoroughly studied by means of their theoretical and experimental behavior when measuring electromagnetic pulses radiated by PD activity. The theoretic study of the band of frequencies in which the pulse emits and the measurement of the parameters S11 are complemented with the frequency response and wavelet transform of a set of 500 time signals acquired by the antennas, and the results are analyzed in detail.IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement 05/2013; 62(5):932-941. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this paper is to present a simple sensor based on Faraday's Law together with an integration and amplifying stage and used this for measuring fast current pulses. Its behavior in time and frequency is tested by measuring Partial Discharges (PD) in electric insulation systems following the guidelines given in the standard IEC 60270. The measurements are also taken with two other sensors, a commercial high frequency current transformer and a resistive transducer, with the aim of comparing the results obtained with the proposed probe and obtaining an estimation of its sensitivity. An estimation of the uncertainty of the measurements is also calculated obtaining an error similar to other commercial devices.IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement 06/2011; · 1.71 Impact Factor
Conference Paper: A Partial Discharges acquisition and statistical analysis software[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Partial Discharges (PDs) are responsible for unexpected failures in power system equipment, so their measurement is a fundamental tool for electrical equipment maintenance. In order to characterize PDs activity, some statistical magnitudes are necessary. For this purpose, PDs acquisition and processing is an important tool for critical decisions related to power systems. In this paper, the main difficulties and challenges facing PDs detection, acquisition and processing are presented. Results will be compared to a commercial PDs detection system.Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC), 2012 IEEE International; 05/2012