A Polynomial QR Decomposition Based Turbo Equalization Technique for Frequency Selective MIMO Channels
ABSTRACT In the case of a frequency flat multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system, QR decomposition can be applied to reduce the MIMO channel equalization problem to a set of decision feedback based single channel equalization problems. Using a novel technique for polynomial matrix QR decomposition (PMQRD) based on Givens rotations, we extend this work to frequency selective MIMO systems. A transmitter design based on Diagonal Bell Laboratories Layered Space Time (D-BLAST) encoding has been implemented. Turbo equalization is utilized at the receiver to overcome the multipath delay spread and to facilitate multi-stream data feedback. The effect of channel estimation error on system performance has also been considered to demonstrate the robustness of the proposed PMQRD scheme. Average bit error rate simulations show a considerable improvement over a benchmark orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) technique. The proposed scheme thereby has potential applicability in MIMO communication applications, particularly for TDMA systems with frequency selective channels.
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ABSTRACT: We study the turbo equalization approach to coded data transmission over channels with intersymbol interference. In the original system invented by Douillard et al. (1995), the data are protected by a convolutional code and the receiver consists of two trellis-based detectors, one for the channel (the equalizer) and one for the code (the decoder). It has been shown that iterating equalization and decoding tasks can yield tremendous improvements in bit error rate. We introduce new approaches to combining equalization based on linear filtering, with decoding.. Through simulation and analytical results, we show that the performance of the new approaches is similar to the trellis-based receiver, while providing large savings in computational complexity. Moreover, this paper provides an overview of the design alternatives for turbo equalization with given system parameters, such as the channel response or the signal-to-noise ratioIEEE Transactions on Communications 06/2002; · 1.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This paper addresses digital communication in a Rayleigh fading environment when the channel characteristic is unknown at the transmitter but is known (tracked) at the receiver. Inventing a codec architecture that can realize a significant portion of the great capacity promised by information theory is essential to a standout long-term position in highly competitive arenas like fixed and indoor wireless. Use (nT, nR) to express the number of antenna elements at the transmitter and receiver. An (n, n) analysis shows that despite the n received waves interfering randomly, capacity grows linearly with n and is enormous. With n = 8 at 1% outage and 21-dB average SNR at each receiving element, 42 b/s/Hz is achieved. The capacity is more than 40 times that of a (1, 1) system at the same total radiated transmitter power and bandwidth. Moreover, in some applications, n could be much larger than 8. In striving for significant fractions of such huge capacities, the question arises: Can one construct an (n, n) system whose capacity scales linearly with n, using as building blocks n separately coded one-dimensional (1-D) subsystems of equal capacity? With the aim of leveraging the already highly developed 1-D codec technology, this paper reports just such an invention. In this new architecture, signals are layered in space and time as suggested by a tight capacity bound.Bell Labs Technical Journal 08/2002; 1(2):41 - 59. · 0.88 Impact Factor
- 01/1996; Johns Hopkins University Press., ISBN: 978-0-8018-5414-9