Exploration of Whole Human Body and UWB Radiation Interaction by Efficient and Accurate Two-Debye-Pole Tissue Models

Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Univ. of Toyama, Toyama, Japan
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation (Impact Factor: 2.46). 03/2010; 58(2):515 - 524. DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2009.2024968
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT We have developed a computationally efficient finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) model of a whole human body based on accurate 2-pole Debye dispersion dielectric tissue properties. Comprehensive FDTD analyses of the interaction between a whole human body and ultrawideband (UWB) radiation are carried out by including the proposed frequency dependent tissue models. The 2-pole Debye models have been obtained for 50 individual human tissues from Gabriel's Cole-Cole data by the least squares fitting technique over the frequency range from 100 MHz to 6 GHz. A whole human body composed of the 2-pole Debye models is exposed to spread spectrum radiation. Local energy absorption in a human body is compared between the proposed model and the conventional model of frequency-independent permittivity and conductivity. Resonance states are then investigated in the human body exposed to electromagnetic nano-second pulse radiation. For the extraction of the frequency contents from the highly damped FDTD time signals, a spectrum analysis technique based on an auto-regressive (AR) model has been applied. Pulse propagation in the vicinity of the human body is also characterized by the proposed model for the wireless body area network (WBAN) application that has been proposed recently for computer assisted medical diagnostics and rehabilitation.

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