Long duration phosphorescent SrAl 2 O 4 phosphors doped with various auxiliary activators (Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu) have been evaluated for the fiber-optic thermometer application. In this thermometer, temperature was measured based on the temperature dependence of the lifetime and/or intensity of the afterglow phosphorescence which was dominated by the thermal excitation of trapped carriers. Characteristics of the long phosphorescent fiber-optic thermometer are quite different from those of the conventional thermometer using fluorescent lifetime of the phosphors. Lifetime and intensity of the afterglow phosphorescence from the long afterglow phosphorescent sensor heads show large positive temperature coefficients in the narrow temperature region around room temperature. Sensitivity and temperature range of the long phosphorescent fiber-optic thermometer depend strongly on the trap depth and the trap density of phosphors. Since the trap depth and the trap density vary with auxiliary activator elements, a variety of fiber-optic thermometers with high sensitivity in various temperature ranges will be able to be developed using Eu 2+ doped SrAl 2 O 4 codoped with various auxiliary activator Ln 3+ ions (Ln=Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu). © 2003 American Institute of Physics.