Conference Paper

Electrical properties of commercial sheet insulation materials for cryogenic applications

Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., Oak Ridge, TN
DOI: 10.1109/CEIDP.2008.4772931 Conference: Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2008. CEIDP 2008. Annual Report Conference on
Source: IEEE Xplore


Dielectric properties of electrical insulation materials are needed for low temperature power applications. Performance of materials and their compatibility determine the size of the electrical insulation in power equipment. In this work we report the dielectric properties of some commercially available materials in sheet form. The selected materials are polypropylene laminated paper from Sumitomo Electric Inc., porous polyethylene (Tyvektrade) from Dupont and polyamide paper (Nomextrade) from Dupont. The dielectric properties are characterized with an electrical impedance analyzer in the frequency domain. The impedances are recorded in a cryocooler in the temperature range from 50 K to 300 K. The dielectric breakdown characteristics of the materials are measured in a liquid nitrogen bath at atmospheric pressure.

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    • "However, paper can still be used in HTS transformers [6]. Other paper derivatives were also fabricated and used in HTS applications [7], [8]. In the current study we present the dielectric properties of Kraft paper and present how one can improve the properties by modifying the paper. "
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    ABSTRACT: Paper is widely used in various engineering applications due to its physical properties and ease of manufacture. As a result paper has been selected or designed as an electrical insulation material for parts and components in high voltage technology. In the current study we select a paper employed in conventional transformers as the electrical insulation material. The potential of this paper is investigated at cryogenic temperatures to determine its physical properties for high temperature superconducting power applications. Dielectric measurements were performed using impedance spectroscopy at a constant frequency. Dielectric breakdown tests were performed on samples at 77 K using a liquid nitrogen bath.
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