Conference Paper

Detection of Atrial Fibrillation using model-based ECG analysis

Centre for Inf. & Syst., Univ. of Coimbra, Coimbra
DOI: 10.1109/ICPR.2008.4761755 In proceeding of: Pattern Recognition, 2008. ICPR 2008. 19th International Conference on
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an arrhythmia that can lead to several patient risks. This kind of arrhythmia affects mostly elderly people, in particular those who suffer from heart failure (one of the main causes of hospitalization). Thus, detection of AF becomes decisive in the prevention of cardiac threats. In this paper an algorithm for AF detection based on a novel algorithm architecture and feature extraction methods is proposed. The aforementioned architecture is based on the analysis of the three main physiological characteristics of AF: i) P wave absence ii) heart rate irregularity and iii) atrial activity (AA). Discriminative features are extracted using model-based statistic and frequency based approaches. Sensitivity and specificity results (respectively, 93.80% and 96.09% using the MIT-BIH AF database) show that the proposed algorithm is able to outperform state-of-the-art methods.

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