Tunable Linear MOS Resistors Using Quasi-Floating-Gate Techniques
ABSTRACT A family of tunable MOS resistors based on quasi-floating-gate (QFG) transistors biased in the triode region is analyzed in this paper. From the study results, a new device that outperforms previous implementations, is presented. By means of a capacitive divider, the ac component of the drain-to-source voltage scaled with a factor alpha les 1 is added to the gate-to-source voltage leading to a cancellation of the nonlinear terms. The effect of alpha on resistor linearity is analytically studied. Simulation results are also provided for different technologies. Finally, a complete transconductor has been built which preserves the linearity of the MOS resistor. Three versions of the transconductor have been fabricated for different values of alpha (alpha = 0, 0.5, and 1) in a 0.5 mum CMOS technology with plusmn1.65-V supply voltage. Experimental results show (for alpha = 1 ) a THD of - 57 dB (HD2=-70 dB) at 1 MHz for 2-V peak-to-peak differential input signal with a nominal ac-transconductance of 200 muA/V and a power consumption of 3.2 mW.
- Microelectronics Journal 10/2013; 44(10):920-929. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Current mirror is a basic block of any mixed-signal circuit for example in an analog-to-digital converter. Its precise performance is the key requirement for analog circuits where offset is a measure issue. The key parameter which defines the performance of current mirror is its input/output impedance, input swing, and bandwidth. In this paper, a low power design of current mirror using quasi-floating gate MOS transistor is presented. The proposed current mirror boosts its output impedance in range of giga-ohm through use of regulated cascode structure followed by super-cascode. Another improvement is done in reduced input compliance voltage limits with the help of level shifter. The proposed current mirror operates well for input current range 0–700 μAμA with an input and output impedance of 160 ΩΩ and 8.55 GΩGΩ respectively and high bandwidth of 4.05 GHzGHz. The total power consumption of the proposed current mirror is about 0.84 mW. The low power consumption with enhanced output impedance and bandwidth suits proposed current mirror for various high-speed analog designs. Performance of the presented current mirror circuit is verified using HSpice simulations on 0.18 μmμm mixed-mode twill-well technology at a supply voltage of ±0.5 V.Microelectronics Journal 08/2014; · 0.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A core architecture for analog processing, which emulates a retina’s receptive field, is presented in this work. A model was partially implemented and built on CMOS standard technology through MOSIS. It considers that the receptive field is the basic unit for image processing in the visual system. That is why the design is concerned on a partial solution of receptive field properties in order to be adapted in the future as an aid to people with retinal diseases. A receptive field is represented by an array of 3×3 pixels. Each pixel carries out a process based on four main operations. This means that image processing is developed at pixel level. Operations involved are: (1) photo-transduction by photocurrent integration, (2) signal averaging from eight neighbouring pixels executed by a neu-NMOS (ν-NMOS) neuron, (3) signal average gradient between central pixel and the average value from the eight neighbouring pixels (this gradient is performed by a comparator) and finally (4) a pulse generator. Each one of these operations gives place to circuital blocks which were built on 0.5 μm CMOS technology.International Journal of Electronics 12/2014; 101(12). · 0.75 Impact Factor