Conference Paper

Nonlinear Kernel-Based Approaches for Predicting Normal Tissue Toxicities

Dept. of Radiat. Oncology, Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO, USA
DOI: 10.1109/ICMLA.2008.126 Conference: Machine Learning and Applications, 2008. ICMLA '08. Seventh International Conference on
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT Since the early demonstration of the curative potential of radiation therapy for tumor sterilization, normal tissue toxicity continues to be dose limiting. Accurate prediction of patient¿s complication risk would allow personalization of treatment planning decisions. Nonlinear kernel methods can provide a robust framework for learning complex interactions between observed toxicities and treatment, anatomical, and patient-related variables. However, proper application of these powerful methods would require better understanding of a high-dimensional feature space that is spanned by all these variables. In this work, we investigate methods for visualization of this high-dimensional space and compare different approaches for extracting discriminant features. Our preliminary results demonstrate that principle component analysis is a valuable tool for visualizing high dimensional data and for determining proper kernel type. In addition, variable selection based on resampling methods within the logistic regression framework seemed to yield improved prediction performance compared to the recursive-feature elimination method.

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